Toebe Acad. of Beauty Culture, Inc. v. Kelly

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Wisconsin
Writing for the CourtROSENBERRY
Citation239 Wis. 103,300 N.W. 476
Decision Date04 November 1941
PartiesTOEBE ACADEMY OF BEAUTY CULTURE, Inc., v. KELLY et al., State Board of Health.

239 Wis. 103
300 N.W. 476

TOEBE ACADEMY OF BEAUTY CULTURE, Inc.,
v.
KELLY et al., State Board of Health.

Supreme Court of Wisconsin.

Nov. 4, 1941.


Appeal from a judgment of the Circuit for Dane County; Alvin C. Reis, Circuit Judge.

Affirmed.

[300 N.W. 477]

This action was begun on July 3, 1940, by Toebe Academy of Beauty Culture, Inc., a Wisconsin corporation, plaintiff, against W. W. Kelly, M. D., Stephen Cahana, M. D., C. A. Harper, M. D., Joseph Dean, M. D., N. L. MacCornack, M. D., Carl W. Eberback, M. D., and Amalia C. Baird, R. N., as members of the State Board of Health, defendants, to restrain the defendants from enforcing certain provisions of chapter 159 entitled “Beauty Parlors” and from enforcing certain orders made by the State Board of Health acting pursuant to said provisions. There was a trial. The court found in favor of the defendant, held that ch. 159, Wisconsin Stats.1939, was valid and that the question of whether the rules for the government of schools of cosmetology are within the scope of the rule-making power delegated to the State Board of Health by ch. 159, was not before the court in this action and that question can only be raised by an action to review the rules; that under Rule 6 adopted by the Board of Health the plaintiff might apply to the board of health for an order modifying the order complained of which affords the plaintiff an administrative remedy to correct any errors in said Rule 6 and directed judgment in favor of defendants, denying the application for an injunction and dismissing the plaintiff's complaint upon the merits. From the judgment entered on January 20, 1941, the plaintiff appeals.

M. M. Morrissey, of Madison (L. A. Squire, of Madison, of counsel), for appellant.

John E. Martin, Atty. Gen., and William A. Platz, Asst. Atty. Gen., for respondents.

[300 N.W. 478]


ROSENBERRY, Chief Justice.

The first question for determination is, what was before the trial court under the pleadings in this case? In its brief in this Court the plaintiff alleges that because no general appeal provision is contained in ch. 159, entitled “Beauty Parlors” nor any specific method of review provided by said chapter, that none exists. The trial court was of the view that the provision contained in sec. 160.22 applies to all proceedings before the State Board of Health.

[1] The contention of counsel is that sec. 160.22 applies only to orders made pursuant to secs. 160.15 to 160.23. That contention must be sustained. At most it could apply to anything contained in ch. 160. In State ex rel. Oaks v. Brown, 1933, 211 Wis. 571, 249 N.W. 50, a provision contained in one chapter was applied to all the chapters in that “Title”, but in that case the statute expressly so provided.

Title XV of the statutes bears the heading “Public Health”. Chapter 159 is a part of Title 15. The State Board of Health is created by ch. 140, also a part of Title 15. Section 140.05 prescribes the powers and duties of the State Board of Health. Section 140.05(3) provides:

“The board shall have power to make and enforce such rules, regulations and orders governing the duties of all health officers and health boards, and as to any subject matter under its supervision, as shall be necessary to efficient administration and to protect health, and violation shall be punished by fine of not less than ten nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense, unless penalty be specially provided. The rules and regulations shall bear the seal of the board, be attested by the state health officer, and be published in the official state paper and distributed in pamphlet or leaf form to all health officers and any citizen asking for the same. They shall not be effective until thirty days after publication. All rules and regulations so adopted and published and all orders issued by the board in conformity with law shall be valid and in force, and prima facie reasonable and lawful until they are found otherwise in an action brought for that purpose or until altered or revoked by the board.”

[2][3][4] The ordinary method of reviewing the action of a board exercising legislative and quasi judicial power is by certiorari. Borgnis v. Falk Co., 1911, 147 Wis. 327, 133 N.W. 209, 37 L.R.A.,N.S., 489 We have no doubt that under this...

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4 practice notes
  • Salisbury Beauty Schools v. State Bd. of Cosmetologists, No. 78
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Maryland
    • February 7, 1973
    ...applied, is a matter of health, safety and welfare.' (225 A.2d at 428) 13 In Toebe Academy of Beauty Culture, Inc. v. Kelly et al., 239 Wis. 103, 300 N.W. 476 (1941), the Supreme Court of Wisconsin was called upon to rule on the lawfulness and reasonableness of an order promulgated by the S......
  • State ex rel. Parker v. Fiedler, No. 93-0709
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Wisconsin
    • November 22, 1993
    ...will be overturned in a proceeding on certiorari if it "constitutes a clear violation of law," Toebe Academy of Beauty Culture v. Kelly, 239 Wis. 103, 107, 300 N.W. 476, 478 (1941). Thus, a petition for writ of certiorari was the procedure successfully used by the Milwaukee County district ......
  • Maine Beauty Schools, Inc. v. State Bd. of Hairdressers
    • United States
    • Supreme Judicial Court of Maine (US)
    • January 11, 1967
    ...student barbers; State v. Conragan (1934) 54 R.I. 256, 171 A. 326, same issue; and Toebe Academy of Beauty Culture, Inc. v. Kelly (1941) 239 Wis. 103, 300 N.W. 476, where Board rule prohibited charge for meterials in excess of reasonable Contra, Moler v. Whisman (1912) 243 Mo. 571, 147 S.W.......
  • Competition Haircutters v. Cosmetology Examining Bd., No. 88-0089
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Wisconsin
    • December 15, 1988
    ...of the state. 60 OAG at 378, citing 10 Am.Jur.2d, Barbers and Cosmetologists, sec. 2 (1963) and Toebe Academy of Beauty Culture v. Kelly, 239 Wis. 103, 300 N.W. 476 (1941). The constitutional validity of such regulations depends on whether they are "reasonably conducive to securing and prot......
4 cases
  • Salisbury Beauty Schools v. State Bd. of Cosmetologists, No. 78
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Maryland
    • February 7, 1973
    ...applied, is a matter of health, safety and welfare.' (225 A.2d at 428) 13 In Toebe Academy of Beauty Culture, Inc. v. Kelly et al., 239 Wis. 103, 300 N.W. 476 (1941), the Supreme Court of Wisconsin was called upon to rule on the lawfulness and reasonableness of an order promulgated by the S......
  • State ex rel. Parker v. Fiedler, No. 93-0709
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Wisconsin
    • November 22, 1993
    ...will be overturned in a proceeding on certiorari if it "constitutes a clear violation of law," Toebe Academy of Beauty Culture v. Kelly, 239 Wis. 103, 107, 300 N.W. 476, 478 (1941). Thus, a petition for writ of certiorari was the procedure successfully used by the Milwaukee County district ......
  • Maine Beauty Schools, Inc. v. State Bd. of Hairdressers
    • United States
    • Supreme Judicial Court of Maine (US)
    • January 11, 1967
    ...student barbers; State v. Conragan (1934) 54 R.I. 256, 171 A. 326, same issue; and Toebe Academy of Beauty Culture, Inc. v. Kelly (1941) 239 Wis. 103, 300 N.W. 476, where Board rule prohibited charge for meterials in excess of reasonable Contra, Moler v. Whisman (1912) 243 Mo. 571, 147 S.W.......
  • Competition Haircutters v. Cosmetology Examining Bd., No. 88-0089
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Wisconsin
    • December 15, 1988
    ...of the state. 60 OAG at 378, citing 10 Am.Jur.2d, Barbers and Cosmetologists, sec. 2 (1963) and Toebe Academy of Beauty Culture v. Kelly, 239 Wis. 103, 300 N.W. 476 (1941). The constitutional validity of such regulations depends on whether they are "reasonably conducive to securing and prot......

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