United States v. Radice

Decision Date07 April 1930
Docket NumberNo. 306.,306.
Citation40 F.2d 445
PartiesUNITED STATES v. RADICE et al.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Second Circuit

James E. Duross, of New York City (Frederick Durgan, of New York City, of counsel), for appellant.

Brill, Bergenfeld & Brill, of New York City (Sanford H. Cohen, of New York City, of counsel), for appellee.

Before MANTON, SWAN, and AUGUSTUS N. HAND, Circuit Judges.

SWAN, Circuit Judge (after stating the facts as above).

The appellee asks dismissal of the appeal on the ground that an order denying leave to intervene is not appealable. City of New York v. Consolidated Gas Co., 253 U. S. 219, 221, 40 S. Ct. 511, 64 L. Ed. 870; Credits Commutation Co. v. United States, 177 U. S. 311, 316, 20 S. Ct. 636, 44 L. Ed. 782. It is true that, where an application for intervention is denied by the chancellor in the exercise of a sound discretion, the order is said to be nonappealable; but, as intimated in the case last cited, there may be cases where intervention is so essential to preservation of the petitioner's rights that denial of it is reviewable by appeal. Central Trust Co. v. Chicago, R. I. & P. R. Co., 218 F. 336, 339 (C. C. A. 2); Richfield Oil Co. v. Western Machinery Co., 279 F. 852 (C. C. A. 9), certiorari denied 260 U. S. 723, 43 S. Ct. 13, 67 L. Ed. 481; Vicksburg, S. & P. Ry. Co. v. Schaff, 5 F.(2d) 610 (C. C. A. 5). See, also, Gay v. Hudson River Elec. P. Co., 184 F. 689 (C. C. A. 2); Odell v. H. Batterman Co., 223 F. 292 (C. C. A. 2). As this court said in the Central Trust Case supra, "It is not always easy to draw the line"; but the case at bar presents, in our opinion, a situation where denial of intervention is reviewable. The decree of forfeiture will, at least apparently, destroy the leasehold upon which the mortgagee claims a lien, and will restore possession of the premises to the lessor. It may be, on the assumption that the mortgagee was a necessary party neither brought in nor notified, that the decree would not preclude a suit to foreclose the mortgage, and that the court decreeing foreclosure could by some ancillary procedure reinstate the leasehold as against the lessor, but such remedies, if they exist, are clearly less practicable and efficacious to the ends of justice than intervention in the present suit. Therefore, within the principle of the authorities above cited, we think the order was appealable.

But we are not at liberty to consider the merits of the District Court's ruling, because the record discloses that the court was without jurisdiction to allow intervention at the time the order was entered on November 18, 1929. The decree of forfeiture was made June 24, 1929, and on the same day an appeal was allowed to the lessee. Citation on appeal issued September 5th, the record was filed in this court October 20th, and the appeal was argued November 6th. The perfecting of that appeal transferred all jurisdiction of the cause to this court, and thereafter, during pendency of that appeal, the court below was without power to vacate or modify its decree of forfeiture. Midland Term. Ry. Co. v. Warinner, 294 F. 185 (C. C. A. 8); First Nat. Bank v. State Nat. Bank, 131 F. 430 (C. C. A. 9); Citizens' Bank v. Farwell, 56 F. 539 (C. C. A. 8); Bronson v. La Crosse & M. R. Co., 1 Wall. 405, 17 L. Ed. 616; Draper v. Davis, 102 U. S. 370, 26 L. Ed. 121; Keyser v. Farr, 105 U. S. 265, 26 L. Ed. 1025; Hovey v. McDonald, 109 U. S. 150, 157, 3 S. Ct. 136, 27 L. Ed. 888. It is true that on September 5th, and before the expiration of the term at which the decree of forfeiture was entered, the District Court had ordered the lessor and the lessee to show cause in response to the present app...

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  • United States v. Ellenbogen
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Second Circuit
    • February 27, 1968
    ...also, Spirou v. United States, 24 F.2d 796, 797 (2 Cir.), cert. denied 277 U.S. 596, 48 S.Ct. 559, 72 L.Ed. 1006 (1928); United States v. Radice, 40 F.2d 445, 446 (1930). This reasoning applies with the same cogency to an order which suspends a sentence and grants probation as it does to an......
  • U.S. v. Liddy
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    • March 17, 1975
    ...370, 371, (26 L.Ed. 121); Keyser v. Farr, 105 U.S. 265, 266 (26 L.Ed. 1025); Spirou v. United States, 24 F.2d 796, 797; United States v. Radice, 40 F.2d 445, 446; United States v. Habib, 72 F.2d In United States v. Mack, supra, in an opinion written by Chief Judge Sobeloff of the Fourth Cir......
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  • United States v. Caraway
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    ...371, 26 L.Ed. 121; Keyser v. Farr, 105 U.S. 265, 266, 26 L.Ed. 1025; Spirou v. United States 2 Cir., 24 F.2d 796, 797; United States v. Radice 2 Cir., 40 F.2d 445, 446; United States v. Habib 2 Cir., 72 F.2d See also United States v. Chapman, 3 Cir. 1971, 448 F.2d 1381, 1388 n. 11; United S......
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