US v. Danhauer, No. 99-4196

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
Writing for the CourtBefore BRORBY, KELLY, and MURPHY; MURPHY
Citation229 F.3d 1002
Parties(10th Cir. 2000) UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. DENNIS R. DANHAUER, Defendant-Appellant
Decision Date23 October 2000
Docket NumberNo. 99-4196

Page 1002

229 F.3d 1002 (10th Cir. 2000)
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
DENNIS R. DANHAUER, Defendant-Appellant.
No. 99-4196
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS TENTH CIRCUIT
October 23, 2000

Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Utah. (D.C. No. 98-CR-354)

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Copyrighted Material Omitted

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Gregory G. Skordas and Stephanie Ames, Salt Lake City, Utah, for Appellant.

Paul M. Warner, United States Attorney, and Barbara Bearnson, Assistant United States Attorney, Salt Lake City, Utah, for Appellee.

Before BRORBY, KELLY, and MURPHY, Circuit Judges.

MURPHY, Circuit Judge.

I. INTRODUCTION

After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). This court therefore honors the parties' requests and orders the case submitted without oral argument.

Defendant Dennis R. Danhauer entered a conditional guilty plea to one count of attempting to manufacture methamphetamine in violation of 21 U.S.C. 841(a)(1) and 846, and one count of using a destructive device in relation to a drug-trafficking crime in violation of 18 U.S.C. 924(c)(1). Danhauer appeals from the district court's final judgment and conviction, asserting the district court erred in denying his motion to suppress. See Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(a)(2) (providing that a defendant, with approval of the court and consent of the government, may enter conditional guilty plea and reserve right to appeal an adverse determination of pretrial motion). Although this court concludes the affidavit in support of the search warrant was not sufficient to establish probable cause, we exercise jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1291 and affirm the district court's denial of the motion to suppress based on the good-faith exception to the exclusionary rule.

II. BACKGROUND

In June 1998, West Valley City Police Officer Dumas informed Detective McCarthy that Robbi and Dennis Danhauer were cooking methamphetamine in a large garage located at the rear of their property and that a person called "Casey" was acting as a lookout in front of their home. Officer Dumas received the information from a confidential informant who was not paid or promised anything in exchange for the information. Because the informant feared for his personal safety, Officer Dumas did not reveal the informant's identity to Detective McCarthy.

Detective McCarthy verified the informant's physical description of the Danhauer property and confirmed by a records check that Robbi and Dennis Danhauer occupied the premises. Further, the detective observed Robbi Danhauer going back and forth between the home and the garage.

Detective McCarthy researched the criminal background of both suspects; their "criminal histories include[d] dangerous drugs, possession [of] paraphernalia, assault, forgery, and criminal mischief." Criminal records revealed that both Danhauers had outstanding arrest warrants. Importantly, Detective McCarthy discovered that Robbi Danhauer was on probation for attempted forgery. During her probation report the previous day, Robbi Danhauer submitted to a urine analysis which came back positive for the presence of methamphetamine and opiates.

Detective McCarthy included the facts described above in his affidavit for a search warrant. The Third District Court for the State of Utah issued a warrant, authorizing the search of Dennis Danhauer, Robbi Danhauer, and their property. After the warrant was executed, Danhauer was charged in a five-count

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indictment that included drug and weapons charges.

Danhauer filed a Motion to Suppress, claiming the affidavit in support of the search warrant did not provide probable cause and execution of the search warrant did not fall within the good-faith exception to the Fourth Amendment exclusionary rule. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1)(B), the district court referred the matter to a federal magistrate, who held a hearing on the Motion to Suppress. The magistrate's Report and Recommendation concluded that Detective McCarthy's "affidavit contained bare-bones allegations obtained from a confidential informant without a basis for reliability or trustworthiness of those allegations." Further, the magistrate found no corroboration of the informant's claim that Danhauer and his wife were cooking methamphetamine. Accordingly, the magistrate concluded there was no probable cause to issue the search warrant. Nonetheless, the magistrate determined the Leon good-faith exception applied to the execution of the search warrant. See United States v. Leon, 468 U.S. 897, 920-24 (1984).

After Danhauer objected to the magistrate's Report and Recommendation, the district court conducted a hearing on the suppression motion. Relying on United States v. Bishop, 890 F.2d 212, 216 (10th Cir. 1989), the district court determined it did not need to address whether the affidavit was sufficient to support probable cause before turning to the good-faith issue. The district court denied Danhauer's Motion to Suppress, holding that the warrant survived a good-faith analysis. Danhauer entered a conditional guilty plea to two counts of the indictment, reserving his right to appeal the denial of his Motion to Suppress.

On appeal, Danhauer argues the district court erred in failing to address the sufficiency of the affidavit in support of the search warrant before turning to the good-faith exception. Danhauer also argues the district court erred in applying the good-faith exception to the search of his residence.

In reviewing the denial of a motion to suppress, this court views the evidence in the light most favorable to the government and upholds the district court's factual findings unless clearly erroneous. See United States v. Rowland, 145 F.3d 1194, 1200 (10th Cir. 1998). Determinations relating to the sufficiency of a search warrant and the applicability of the good-faith exception are...

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223 practice notes
  • Ward v. City of Hobbs, No. CIV 18-1025 JB\KRS
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • July 31, 2019
    ...to lead a prudent person to believe that a search would uncover contraband or evidence of criminal activity." United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d 1002, 1006 (10th Cir. 2000). "Probable cause undoubtedly requires a nexus between suspected criminal activity and the place to be searched." Unit......
  • Reid v. Pautler, No. CIV 13-0337 JB/KBM
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    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
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    ...to lead a prudent person to believe that a search would uncover contraband or evidence of criminal activity." United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d 1002, 1006 (10th Cir. 2000). "Probable cause undoubtedly requires a nexus between suspected criminal activity and the place to be searched." Unit......
  • A.M. ex rel. F.M. v. Holmes, Nos. 14-2066
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
    • July 25, 2016
    ...of [the] informant's information,” United States v. Artez , 389 F.3d 1106, 1111 (10th Cir. 2004) (quoting United States v. Danhauer , 229 F.3d 1002, 1006 (10th Cir. 2000) ), we conclude that the report that provided the impetus for the search bolstered Ms. Holmes's reasonable suspicion of w......
  • Ortiz v. New Mexico, No. CIV 18-0028 JB/LF
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • July 22, 2021
    ...to lead a prudent person to believe that a search would uncover contraband or evidence of criminal activity." United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d 1002, 1006 (10th Cir. 2000). "Probable cause undoubtedly requires a nexus between suspectedPage 133 criminal activity and the place to be searche......
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223 cases
  • Ward v. City of Hobbs, No. CIV 18-1025 JB\KRS
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • July 31, 2019
    ...to lead a prudent person to believe that a search would uncover contraband or evidence of criminal activity." United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d 1002, 1006 (10th Cir. 2000). "Probable cause undoubtedly requires a nexus between suspected criminal activity and the place to be searched." Unit......
  • Reid v. Pautler, No. CIV 13-0337 JB/KBM
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
    • July 31, 2014
    ...to lead a prudent person to believe that a search would uncover contraband or evidence of criminal activity." United States v. Danhauer, 229 F.3d 1002, 1006 (10th Cir. 2000). "Probable cause undoubtedly requires a nexus between suspected criminal activity and the place to be searched." Unit......
  • A.M. ex rel. F.M. v. Holmes, Nos. 14-2066
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (10th Circuit)
    • July 25, 2016
    ...of [the] informant's information,” United States v. Artez , 389 F.3d 1106, 1111 (10th Cir. 2004) (quoting United States v. Danhauer , 229 F.3d 1002, 1006 (10th Cir. 2000) ), we conclude that the report that provided the impetus for the search bolstered Ms. Holmes's reasonable suspicion of w......
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    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of New Mexico
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