White Stallion Energy Ctr., LLC v. Envtl. Prot. Agency, Nos. 12–1100

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
Citation748 F.3d 1222
Decision Date15 April 2014
PartiesWHITE STALLION ENERGY CENTER, LLC, Petitioner v. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, Respondent. American Academy of Pediatrics, et al., Intervenors.
Docket Number12–1185,12–1182,12–1173,12–1196.,12–1184,12–1147,12–1183,12–1187,12–1174,12–1188,12–1101,12–1102,12–1176,12–1195,12–1190,12–1191,12–1194,12–1189,12–1180,12–1181,12–1175,Nos. 12–1100,12–1192,12–1177,12–1178,12–1186,12–1172,12–1193

748 F.3d 1222

WHITE STALLION ENERGY CENTER, LLC, Petitioner
v.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, Respondent.

American Academy of Pediatrics, et al., Intervenors.

Nos. 12–1100, 12–1101, 12–1102, 12–1147, 12–1172, 12–1173, 12–1174, 12–1175, 12–1176, 12–1177, 12–1178, 12–1180, 12–1181, 12–1182, 12–1183, 12–1184, 12–1185, 12–1186, 12–1187, 12–1188, 12–1189, 12–1190, 12–1191, 12–1192, 12–1193, 12–1194, 12–1195, 12–1196.

United States Court of Appeals,
District of Columbia Circuit.

Argued Dec. 10, 2013.
Decided April 15, 2014.


[748 F.3d 1226]


On Petitions for Review of Final Rule of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Lee B. Zeugin and Neil D. Gordon, Assistant Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Michigan, argued the causes for State, Industry, and Labor Petitioners.
With them on the joint briefs were F. William Brownell, Lauren E. Freeman, Elizabeth L. Horner, Bill Schuette, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Michigan,

[748 F.3d 1227]

John J. Bursch, Solicitor General, S. Peter Manning, Assistant Attorney General, Luther Strange, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Alabama, Michael C. Geraghty, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Alaska, Steven E. Mulder, Attorney, Peter S. Glaser, George Y. Sugiyama, Michael H. Higgins, David B. Rifkin, Jr., Lee A. Casey, Mark W. DeLaquil, Andrew M. Grossman, David Flannery, Gale Lea Rubrecht, Kathy G. Beckett, Edward L. Kropp, Leslie Sue Ritts, Thomas Horne, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Arizona, Joseph P. Mikitish and James T. Skardon, Assistant Attorneys General, Dustin McDaniel, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Arkansas, Kendra Akin Jones, Assistant Attorney General, Charles L. Moulton, Senior Assistant Attorney General, Pamela Jo Bondi, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Florida, Jonathan A. Glogau, Attorney, Lawrence G. Wasden, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Idaho, Grant Crandall, Arthur Traynor, III, Eugene M. Trisko, Gregory F. Zoeller, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Indiana, Valerie Tachtiris, Deputy Attorney General, Dennis Lane, Derek Schmidt, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Kansas, Jeffrey A. Chanay, Deputy Attorney General, Henry V. Nickel, George P. Sibley III, Eric A. Groten, Jeremy C. Marwell, John A. Riley, Christopher C. Thiele, Harold E. Pizzetta III, Assistant Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Mississippi, Chris Koster, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Missouri, James R. Layton and John J. McManus, Attorneys, Paul D. Clement, Nathan A. Sales, Lisa Marie Jaeger, Jon Bruning, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Nebraska, Katherine J. Spohn, Special Counsel to the Attorney General, Wayne Stenehjem, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of North Dakota, Margaret I. Olson, Steven C. Kohl, Eugene E. Smary, Sarah C. Lindsey, E. Scott Pruitt, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Oklahoma, P. Clayton Eubanks, Assistant Attorney General, Michael DeWine, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Ohio, Dale T. Vitale and Gregg H. Bachmann, Assistant Attorneys General, Robert M. Wolff, Special Counsel, Alan Wilson, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of South Carolina, James Emory Smith, Jr., Assistant Deputy Attorney General, Mark L. Shurtleff, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Utah, Greg Abbott, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Texas, Jon Niermann, Chief, Mark Walters and Mary E. Smith, Assistant Attorneys General, Kenneth T. Cuccinelli, II, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the Commonwealth of Virginia, Patrick Morrisey, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of West Virginia, Silas B. Taylor, Senior Deputy Attorney General, Jeffrey R. Holmstead, Sandra Y. Snyder, Gregory A. Phillips, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Wyoming, Jay A. Jerde, Deputy Attorney General, Jack Conway, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Kentucky, Bart E. Cassidy, and Katherine L. Vaccaro.

Bill Cobb argued the cause for Industry Petitioners' Specific Issues. With him on the briefs were Michael Nasi, Leslie Sue Ritts, Jeffrey R. Holmstead, Sandra Y. Snyder, Paul D. Clement, Nathan A. Sales, Steven C. Kohl, Eugene E. Smary,

[748 F.3d 1228]

Sarah C. Lindsay, Bart E. Cassidy, Katherine L. Vaccaro, John C. Hayes, Jr., Dennis Lane, John A. Riley, Christopher C. Thiele, C. Grady Moore, III, P. Stephen Gidiere, III, and Thomas Lee Casey, III.


Sanjay Narayan and Eric Schaeffer argued the causes for Environmental Petitioners. With them on the briefs were Whitney Farrell, James S. Pew, Neil Gormley, Ann Brewster Weeks, and Darin Schroeder.

David Bookbinder argued the cause and filed the briefs for petitioner Julander Energy Company.

Michael B. Wigmore, Sandra P. Franco, Robin S. Conrad, Rachel Brand, and Sheldon Gilbert were on the brief for amicus curiae The Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America in support of Industry Petitioners.

Eric G. Hostetler, Matthew R. Oakes, and Amanda S. Berman, Attorneys, U.S. Department of Justice, argued the causes for respondent. With them on the brief was Wendy L. Blake, Attorney, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Melissa Hoffer, Assistant Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, argued the cause for State and Local Government Intervenors in support of Respondent. With her on the brief were Martha Coakley, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Massachusetts, Tracy Triplett and Carol A. Iancu, Assistant Attorneys General, Kamala D. Harris, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of California, Janill L. Richards, Supervising Deputy Attorney General, Susan L. Durbin, Deputy Attorney General, Joseph R. Biden, III, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Delaware, Valerie M. Satterfield, Deputy Attorney General, Thomas L. Miller, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Iowa, David R. Sheridan, Assistant Attorney General, George Jepsen, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Connecticut, Kimberly P. Massicotte and Matthew I. Levine, Assistant Attorneys General, Lisa Madigan, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Illinois, Matthew J. Dunn and Gerald T. Karr, Assistant Attorneys General, Douglas F. Gansler, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Maryland, Roberta R. James, Assistant Attorney General, Michael A. Delaney, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of New Hampshire, K. Allen Brooks, Senior Assistant Attorney General, Janet T. Mills, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Maine, Gerald D. Reid, Assistant Attorney General, Lori Swanson, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Minnesota, Max Kieley, Assistant Attorney General, Eric T. Schneiderman, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of New York, Michael J. Myers and Kevin P. Donovan, Assistant Attorneys General, Ellen F. Rosenbaum, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Oregon, Paul A. Garrahan, Assistant Attorney–in–Charge, Gary K. King, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of New Mexico, Stephen R. Farris, Assistant Attorney General, Roy Cooper, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of North Carolina, James C. Gulick, Senior Deputy Attorney General, J. Allen Jernigan, Marc Bernstein, and Amy L. Bircher, Special Deputy Attorneys General, William H. Sorrell, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Vermont, Thea J. Schwartz, Assistant Attorney General, George A. Nilson,

[748 F.3d 1229]

William R. Phelan, Jr., Peter F. Kilmartin, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Rhode Island, George S. Schultz, Special Assistant Attorney General, Irvin B. Nathan, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the District of Columbia, Amy E. McDonnell, Deputy General Counsel, Christopher King, Benna Ruth Solomon, and Jeremy Toth.

Sean H. Donahue argued the cause for Public Health, Environmental, and Environmental Justice Group Respondent Intervenors.
With him on the brief were Pamela A. Campos, Tomás Carbonell, Ann Brewster Weeks, Darin T. Schroeder, James S. Pew, Neil E. Gormley, Sanjay Narayan, John D. Walke, and John Suttles. Vickie L. Patton entered an appearance.

Brendan K. Collins argued the cause for Industry Respondent Intervenors.
With him on the brief were Robert B. McKinstry Jr., Lorene L. Boudreau, and Erik S. Jaffe.

Peter S. Glaser, George Y. Sugiyama, F. William Brownell, Lauren E. Freeman, Lee B. Zeugin, Elizabeth L. Horner, David B. Rivkin Jr., Lee A. Casey, Mark W. DeLaquil, Andrew M. Grossman, Jeremy C. Marwell, Eric A. Groton, Jeffrey R. Holmstead, and Sandra Y. Snyder were on the brief for Industry Intervenors in response to Environmental Petitioners.
Henry V. Nickel entered an appearance.

Peter S. Glaser, George Y. Sugiyama, Hahnah Williams, F. William Brownell, Lauren E. Freeman, Lee B. Zeugin, Elizabeth L. Horner, Jeremy C. Marwell, Eric A. Groton, Jeffrey R. Holmstead, Sandra Y. Snyder, Bill Cobb, Michael Nasi, David B. Rivkin Jr., Lee A. Casey, Mark W. DeLaquil, and Andrew M. Grossman were on the brief for Intervenor Respondents in Opposition to Brief of Petitioner Julander Energy Company.


Wendy B. Jacobs, Adam Babich, and Michael A.
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32 practice notes
  • Natural Res. Def. Council v. Envtl. Prot. Agency & Gina Mccarthy, No. 12–1321.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • December 23, 2014
    ...Television Stations, Inc., 556 U.S. 502, 515, 129 S.Ct. 1800, 173 L.Ed.2d 738 (2009); see also White Stallion Energy Ctr., LLC v. EPA, 748 F.3d 1222, 1235 (D.C.Cir.2014) (per curiam). This brings me to the second aspect of the implementing regulations the majority sets aside—EPA's revocatio......
  • Natural Res. Def. Council v. Envtl. Prot. Agency, No. 12–1321.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • December 23, 2014
    ...Television Stations, Inc., 556 U.S. 502, 515, 129 S.Ct. 1800, 173 L.Ed.2d 738 (2009) ; see also White Stallion Energy Ctr., LLC v. EPA, 748 F.3d 1222, 1235 (D.C.Cir.2014) (per curiam).This brings me to the second aspect of the implementing regulations the majority sets aside—EPA's revocatio......
  • Natural Res. Def. Council v. Envtl. Prot. Agency & Gina Mccarthy, No. 12–1321.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • December 23, 2014
    ...Television Stations, Inc., 556 U.S. 502, 515, 129 S.Ct. 1800, 173 L.Ed.2d 738 (2009); see also White Stallion Energy Ctr., LLC v. EPA, 748 F.3d 1222, 1235 (D.C.Cir.2014) (per curiam). This brings me to the second aspect of the implementing regulations the majority sets aside—EPA's revocatio......
  • Sanchez v. Attorney Gen. U.S., No: 20-1843
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (3rd Circuit)
    • May 5, 2021
    ...with the phrase "appropriate and necessary," which is a "broad and all-encompassing term," White Stallion Energy Ctr., LLC v. EPA , 748 F.3d 1222, 1266 (D.C. Cir. 2014) (Kavanaugh, J., concurring in part and dissenting in part).Fair enough. But those phrases, broad or not, are not best unde......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
26 cases
  • Natural Res. Def. Council v. Envtl. Prot. Agency & Gina Mccarthy, No. 12–1321.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • December 23, 2014
    ...Television Stations, Inc., 556 U.S. 502, 515, 129 S.Ct. 1800, 173 L.Ed.2d 738 (2009); see also White Stallion Energy Ctr., LLC v. EPA, 748 F.3d 1222, 1235 (D.C.Cir.2014) (per curiam). This brings me to the second aspect of the implementing regulations the majority sets aside—EPA's revocatio......
  • Natural Res. Def. Council v. Envtl. Prot. Agency, No. 12–1321.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • December 23, 2014
    ...Television Stations, Inc., 556 U.S. 502, 515, 129 S.Ct. 1800, 173 L.Ed.2d 738 (2009) ; see also White Stallion Energy Ctr., LLC v. EPA, 748 F.3d 1222, 1235 (D.C.Cir.2014) (per curiam).This brings me to the second aspect of the implementing regulations the majority sets aside—EPA's revocatio......
  • Natural Res. Def. Council v. Envtl. Prot. Agency & Gina Mccarthy, No. 12–1321.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • December 23, 2014
    ...Television Stations, Inc., 556 U.S. 502, 515, 129 S.Ct. 1800, 173 L.Ed.2d 738 (2009); see also White Stallion Energy Ctr., LLC v. EPA, 748 F.3d 1222, 1235 (D.C.Cir.2014) (per curiam). This brings me to the second aspect of the implementing regulations the majority sets aside—EPA's revocatio......
  • Sanchez v. Attorney Gen. U.S., No: 20-1843
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (3rd Circuit)
    • May 5, 2021
    ..."appropriate and necessary," which is a "broad and all-encompassing term," White Stallion Energy Ctr., LLC v. EPA , 748 F.3d 1222, 1266 (D.C. Cir. 2014) (Kavanaugh, J., concurring in part and dissenting in part).Fair enough. But those phrases, broad or not, are not best ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
6 books & journal articles
  • The Future of Administrative Law
    • United States
    • Environmental Law Reporter Nbr. 47-3, March 2017
    • March 1, 2017
    ...case, and we didn’t need all the language about the major questions canon, and how Chevron 59. White Stallion Energy Center v. EPA, 748 F.3d 1222, 44 ELR 20088 (D.C. Cir. 2014). 60. Gonzales v. Oregon, 546 U.S. 243 (2006). often but not always applies. hat was all an unnecessary efort to ge......
  • Judge Garland's Environmental Decisions
    • United States
    • Environmental Law Reporter Nbr. 46-7, July 2016
    • July 1, 2016
    ...decision to be considered by the Supreme Court (which reversed and remanded it) was White Stallion Energy Ctr., LLC v. EPA , 748 F.3d 1222, 44 ELR 20088 (D.C. Cir. 2014) (opinion by Judge Judith Rogers, Judge Garland concurring, Judge Brett Kavanaugh dissenting in part), rev’d , Michigan v.......
  • 2014 Supreme Court Review and Preview
    • United States
    • Environmental Law Reporter Nbr. 45-1, January 2015
    • January 1, 2015
    ...25, 2014, that it had granted cert] his is a 34. Pike v. Bruce Church, 397 U.S. 137 (1970). 35. White Stallion Energy Center LLC v. EPA 748 F.3d 1222 (D.C. Cir. 2014), cert. granted sub nom . Michigan v. EPA Nos. 14-46 et al., cert. granted Nov. 25, 2014. For more on this case, visit http:/......
  • Emerging Clarity on Climate Change Law: EPA Empowered and State Common Law Remedies Enabled
    • United States
    • Environmental Law Reporter Nbr. 44-9, September 2014
    • September 1, 2014
    ...targeted emissions now unreached. 17. EME , 572 U.S. __ (2014), No. 12-1182 (U.S. Apr. 29, 2014). 18. White Stallion Energy Ctr. v. EPA, 748 F.3d 1222, 44 ELR 20088 (D.C. Cir. 2014). 19. Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Res. Def. Council (Chevron), 467 U.S. 837, 14 ELR 20507 (1984). 20. UARG......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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