Wold v. Jones

Decision Date03 August 1962
Docket NumberNo. 36052,36052
Citation373 P.2d 805,60 Wn.2d 327
CourtWashington Supreme Court
PartiesMary E. WOLD, Respondent, v. Willard JONES and Helen I. Jones, husband and wife, Appellants.

Edwin R. Johnson, Tacoma, for appellants.

Tollefson & Tollefson, Tacoma, for respondent.

DONWORTH, Judge.

This is an appeal from a judgment entered in favor of the plaintiff (respondent) 1 in an action in tort arising out of an automobile collision which occurred at an uncontrolled intersection in the city of Tacoma. The trial court directed a verdict for respondent on the issue of liability, and dismissed appellant's counterclaim. The issue of damages was submitted to the jury, which returned a verdict including pain and suffering, lost income, future medical expense, and compensation for respondent's loss of use of his automobile.

The accident took place at the intersection of south L Street (which runs north and south) and south 13th Street (which runs east and west), at 9:00 a. m., November 1, 1958. A tar strip served as the center line for each street.

Appellant, the disfavored driver, was driving west along south 13th Street, and respondent, the favored driver, was driving south on south L Street, when the two vehicles collided in the intersection.

It is unnecessary to give further details of the accident. Appellant, at the trial, testified that he had not crossed the center line of south L Street, and had, therefore, yielded to respondent all of the right of way to which respondent was entitled. Certain other allegations of negligence and contributory negligence on the part of respondent were also made by appellant. These will be briefly discussed at a later point in this opinion.

After the court directed a verdict as to liability, the case went to the jury. Evidence had been presented from which the jury could find that respondent had sustained a permanent physical injury. Respondent had prayed for a total of $40,717.50 in damages. The jury returned a verdict in favor of respondent in the sum of $7,500.00.

Appellants moved for a judgment n. o. v. or, in the alternative, for a new trial. The motion was denied and judgment was entered on the verdict, from which appellants have appealed.

In their assignments of error, appellants claim that:

'The trial court erred:

'1. In failing to remove from the Jury's consideration Respondent's claim of loss of income.

'2. In failing to remove from the Jury's consideration Respondent's claim of loss of use of automobile.

'3. In failing to remove from the Jury's consideration Respondent's claim as to future medical treatment and expense.

'4. In dismissing Appellants' cross-complant.

'5. In directing a verdict on the liability.

'6. In entering judgment upon the verdict.'

Rule on Appeal 43, RCW Vol. O, provides that:

'* * * No error assigned to the inclusion, omission, sufficiency, or insufficiency of an instruction or instructions, given or not given, will be considered unless such instruction or instructions, as the case may be, shall be set out in the brief in full. * * *'

Since the first three assignments relate to the giving, or failure to give, of certain instructions, none of which are set out in the brief, they cannot be considered. See State v. Hinkley, 52 Wash.2d 415, 325 P.2d 889 (1958), and DeLonge v. Richfield Oil Corp., 35 Wash.2d 803, 215 P.2d 701 (1950).

The final three assignments of error present one question: Did appellants present sufficient evidence to be entitled to have the issue of liability decided by the jury?

It is true that:

'No discretion is involved in ruling on the motion for a directed verdict. Such motion may be granted only where there is, as a matter of law, no evidence or reasonable inference therefrom to support the view of the party against whom the motion is made.' Bailey v. Carver, 51 Wash.2d 416, 319 P.2d 821 (1957).

However, the word 'support' in the above quotation refers to that evidence which would support a jury verdict. If there is not substantial evidence adduced at the trial which is legally sufficient to support a jury verdict in favor of the party opposing a motion for directed verdict, the motion must be granted. 'This court has refused to follow some other courts in holding that a scintilla of evidence is sufficient to carry a case to the jury.' Knight v. Trogdon Truck Co., 191 Wash. 646, 653, 71 P.2d 1003 (1937).

In this case there is only the self-serving testimony of appellant--the disfavored driver--that his car had stopped before crossing the center line. His testimony was admittedly based on his observations of the car made after the accident, at which time, according to appellant, his front bumper was 'plumb-bob' above the center line. Appellant did not testify that respondent was on the wrong side of the street, but said that:

'* * * he was on his side of the road more or less. * * * There may have been a wheel over the center line of the road, or it may not have been, but I believed him to be there * *...

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13 cases
  • State v. Zamora
    • United States
    • Washington Court of Appeals
    • December 20, 1971
    ...327, 329 (1953). The determination of whether or not there is substantial evidence is a law question for the court. See Wold v. Jones, 60 Wash.2d 327, 373 P.2d 805 (1962); Trosper v. Heffner, 51 Wash.2d 268, 317 P.2d 530 (1957); Wood v. Myers, 48 Wash.2d 746, 296 P.2d 525 (1956); 53 Am.Jur.......
  • Van Cleve v. Betts, 1850--II
    • United States
    • Washington Court of Appeals
    • January 19, 1977
    ...therefrom to support the position of the nonmoving party. E.g. Shelby v. Keck, 85 Wash.2d 911, 541 P.2d 365 (1975); Wold v. Jones, 60 Wash.2d 327, 373 P.2d 805 (1962). Plaintiff's motion for a directed verdict falls into the first class listed above; RCW 46.61.055(1) 1 requires motor vehicl......
  • Zahn v. Arbelo
    • United States
    • Washington Supreme Court
    • November 30, 1967
    ...if it was not introduced by him. This court must review All the evidence to find the portions which are most favorable. Wold v. Jones, 60 Wash.2d 327, 373 P.2d 805 (1962). Under these standards, I am convinced the result reached by the majority is The majority construe the evidence or facts......
  • Golub v. Mantopoli
    • United States
    • Washington Supreme Court
    • December 10, 1964
    ...*.' See Boyle v. Lewis, supra; Poland v. Seattle, 200 Wash. 208, 93 P.2d 379; Dunsmoor v. North Coast Transp. Co., supra; Wood v. Jones, 60 Wash.2d 327, 373 P.2d 805; Charlton v. Baker, 61 Wash.2d 369, 378 P.2d The fact that the appellant's car struck the taxicab at the two doors and fender......
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