125 Misc.2d 709, People v. Burger

Citation:125 Misc.2d 709, 479 N.Y.S.2d 936
Party Name:People v. Burger
Case Date:June 11, 1984
 
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Page 709

125 Misc.2d 709

479 N.Y.S.2d 936

The PEOPLE of the State of New York

v.

Joseph BURGER.

Supreme Court of New York, Kings County, Part 40.

June 11, 1984.

[479 N.Y.S.2d 937] Mahler & Harris, P.C., Forest Hills, for defendant Burger; Stephen Mahler, Forest Hills, of counsel.

Elizabeth Holtzman, Dist. Atty., Kings County, for the People; Catherine Wilder, Brooklyn, of counsel.

LEWIS L. DOUGLASS, Justice.

On May 12, 1983, defendant Burger moved to suppress physical evidence seized from his business premises on the grounds that Section 415-a(5) of the Vehicle and Traffic Law was unconstitutional. That motion was denied, after a hearing, in a decision by this court dated April 12, 1984.

On April 30, 1984, the Appellate Division decided People v. Pace, 101 A.D.2d 336, 475 N.Y.S.2d 443 (1984). Alleging that the People v. Pace (supra), decision requires a result contrary to that reached by this court in the suppression hearing, defendant requested a renewal and reargument of the previously denied suppression motion and asked for proper and equitable relief. In consideration of the relevant issues of law developed by the Appellate Division in People v. Pace, reargument was granted.

FACTS

Defendant Burger is in the auto junkyard business. His business premises are an open yard containing vehicles and parts of vehicles. His business consists of dismantling vehicles and selling the vehicle parts.

Police officers assigned to the Auto Crimes Division, which generally handles inspections of auto junkyards and whose officers have received special training, conducted an inspection of the defendant's [479 N.Y.S.2d 938] yard. Upon this inspection the officers found that the defendant did not have a "police book," which all auto junkyards are required to keep. (See Vehicle and Traffic Law, Section 415-a(5) par. (a)). Continuing their inspection of the yard, the officers gave the police radio dispatcher the VIN number of a vehicle in the defendant's yard and received information that the vehicle was stolen. Subsequently, the officers arrested the defendant and seized the stolen property.

The issue on reargument is whether the officers of the Auto Crimes Division had the power to enter the defendant's yard and conduct an inspection in the manner and under the circumstances described above.

SECTION 415-a(5) OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW

Section 415-a(5) of the Vehicle and Traffic Law states that, "upon request of an agent of the commission or of any police officer ... a vehicle dismantler shall produce such records and permit said agent or police officer to examine them and any vehicles or parts of vehicles which are subject to the record-keeping requirements of this statute ..."

In the original suppression hearing, this court found that Section 415-a(5) of the Vehicle and Traffic Law was constitutional. The statute was found to be limited in time, place and scope because the inspection is done during "regular business hours," on "all motor vehicles, trailers and major component parts thereof," and "only those vehicles or parts subject to the record-keeping requirement."

This court also found that defendant's auto junkyard business was a member of a "pervasively regulated" industry. As a member of a...

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