25 Mo.App. 4 (Mo.App. 1887)
BELLA QUAY, Respondent,
JAMES D. LUCAS, Appellant.
Court of Appeals of Missouri, St. Louis.
February 23, 1887
APPEAL from the St. Louis Circuit Court, GEORGE W. LUBKE, Judge.
W. H. CLOPTON, for the appellant:
A landlord is not liable to tenant for the defective condition of rented premises unless the landlord expressly agreed to make the repairs before the tenancy began. Rogan v. Dockery, 23 Mo.App. 313; Howard v. Doolittle, 3 Duer 464; Leavitt v. Fletcher, 10 Allen 121; Sheets v. Selden, 7 Wall. (U. S.) 423; Libby v. Talford, 48 Me. 316; Moore v. Webber, 71 Pa.St. 429. If the tenant chooses to use the part of the premises out of repair, the landlord is not liable for any injury resulting from it being out of repair. Thomp. on Neg. 324. The tenant assumes the risk. Tayl. on L. & T., sect. 175 a; Brewster v. De Fremery, 33 Cal. 341; Sherwood v. Scanlan, 2 Bosw. 127; Doupi v. Genin, 1 Sweeny 25. A subtenant is under the same restriction. O'Brien v. Capwell, 59 Barb. 497; Robbins v. Jones, 15 C. B. (N. S.) 221; Nelson v. Led. Brewery, 2 L. R. C. P. Div. 311; 1 Wash. Real Prop. (4 Ed.) ch. 10, sect. 6; Bullard v. Butler, 30 Me. 94. His action, if any, is against the tenant under whom he is, and not against the landlord. Bendick v. Cheadle, 26 Ohio St. 393; Alton v. Railroad, 19 C. B. (N. S.) 238; Clancey v. Byrne, 56 N.Y. 136; White v. Montgomery, 58 Ga. 204; Davidson v. Nichols, 11 Allen 519; Winterbottom v. Wright, 10 M. & W. 109.
JULIAN LAUGHLIN, M. F. TAYLOR, and ROBERT L. MCLARAN, for the respondent:
If the landlord make a contract to put the premises in good condition, and keep them in repair during the tenancy, and failing to do so the tenant suffers injury, the landlord is liable. Vai v. Wells, 17 Mo. 232; Deutsch v. Abeles, 15 Mo.App. 398; Padburg v. Kennerly, 16 Mo.App. 556; Griffiths v. Lewis, 17 Mo.App. 605; Rogan v. Dockery, 23 Mo.App. 313. And is likewise liable to a sub-tenant. Peterson v. Smart, 70 Mo. 36; Joffe v. Hortran, 56 Mo. 398; O'Brien v. Capwell, 59 Barb. 497.
The plaintiff rented a room as a lodger from one Mrs. Bondurant, the lessee of the premises in question, two days before the date of the accident complained of. On the seventeenth of September, 1885, the plaintiff, while lawfully on the premises, walked into a privy thereon, and owing to the defective condition of its floor, without negligence on...