546 P.2d 650 (Okla.Crim.App. 1976), H--75--693, Jerry v. Pardon and Parole Bd.

Docket Nº:H--75--693.
Citation:546 P.2d 650
Party Name:T. P. JERRY, Jr., Petitioner, v. The PARDON AND PAROLE BOARD of the State of Oklahoma et al., Respondents.
Case Date:February 12, 1976
Court:Court of Appeals of Oklahoma, Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma

Page 650

546 P.2d 650 (Okla.Crim.App. 1976)

T. P. JERRY, Jr., Petitioner,


The PARDON AND PAROLE BOARD of the State of Oklahoma et al.,


No. H--75--693.

Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma.

February 12, 1976.

Page 651

T. P. Jerry, Jr., pro se.

Larry Derryberry, Atty. Gen., Kay Karen Kennedy, Asst. Atty. Gen., for appellee.


BRETT, Presiding Judge:

This is an original proceeding in which T. P. Jerry, Jr., petitioner pro se, seeks an order of this Court directing the Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board to furnish each unsuccessful applicant for parole a written statement of the reasons why the Board failed to recommend him for parole. Jerry is an inmate at the State penitentiary at McAlester serving a term of imprisonment of seventy-five (75) years imposed in September, 1970, after his conviction of the crime of Robbery With Firearms, After Former Conviction of a Felony, upon a retrial of his case following a reversal of an earlier conviction. The pleading which he has filed in this Court is denominated 'Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus,' and in it he seeks, as alternative relief, his immediate release from custody. The response filed by the Attorney General of the State of Oklahoma submits that because of the nature of the relief actually sought in this proceeding and because petitioner does not challenge the legality of his incarceration, the pleading which he has filed pro se must be construed to be a petition for writ of mandamus. We agree.

The question which this petition raises about the duty of a board of pardon and parole to provide an unsuccessful applicant with a written statement of reasons for the denial of a parole has been considered by a

Page 652

number of federal and state courts in recent years. It appears that the clear trend of decision in this area is to require such a board to provide reasons for denial of parole. See, e.g., Childs v. United States Board of Parole, 167 U.S.App.D.C. 268, 511 F.2d 1270 (1974); Cook v. Whiteside, 505 F.2d 32 (5th Cir. 1974); Mower v. Britton, 504 F.2d 396 (10th Cir. 1974); United States ex rel. Johnson v. Chairman, N.Y. St. Bd. of P., 500 F.2d 925 (2nd Cir. 1974); King v. United States, 492 F.2d 1337 (7th Cir. 1974); Fischer v. Cahill, 474 F.2d 991 (3rd Cir. 1973); Solari v. Vincent, 46 A.D.2d 453, 363 N.Y.S.2d 332 (1975); In re Sturm, 11 Cal.3d 258, 113 Cal.Rptr. 361, 521 P.2d 97 (1...

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