Brown v. State, No. 41132

CourtCourt of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
Writing for the CourtMORRISON
Citation437 S.W.2d 828,89 S.Ct. 850
PartiesKenneth J. BROWN, Appellant, v. The STATE of Texas, Appellee.
Docket NumberNo. 41132
Decision Date20 March 1968

Page 828

437 S.W.2d 828
Kenneth J. BROWN, Appellant,
v.
The STATE of Texas, Appellee.
No. 41132.
Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas.
March 20, 1968.
Rehearing Denied May 8, 1968.
Certiorari Denied Feb. 24, 1969. See 89 S.Ct. 850.

Briscoe, Dally & Shaffer, by Carl E. F. Dally, Houston, for appellant.

Carol S. Vance, Dist. Atty., James C. Brough and Frederick M. Stover, Asst.

Page 829

Dist. Attys., Houston, and Leon B. Douglas, State's Atty., Austin, for the State.
OPINION

MORRISON, Judge.

The offense is the possession of heroin; the punishment, 99 years.

Appellant at the outset urges this Court to overrule three of our relatively recent opinions. In Acosta v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 403 S.W.2d 434, we set forth an affidavit (which is identical in all material respects to the ones in the case at bar) made for the issuance of a search warrant, and held it to be sufficient. In Bosley v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 414 S.W.2d 468, and in Gonzales v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 410 S.W.2d 435, cert den, 387 U.S. 925, 87 S.Ct. 2044, 18 L.Ed.2d 982, we referred to the affidavit in Acosta, supra, and reaffirmed our holding that it was sufficient to show probable cause. In Gonzales, supra, we recognize that a conflict existed between the holdings of the several circuits and declined to depart from our prior holding until the Supreme Court of the United States settled the conflict. Such has not yet been done.

While appellant's counsel painstakingly briefed the question, he has only three circuit court cases which have been decided since our opinion in Bosley, supra, and all of them are from the Second Circuit. If United States v. Soyka, decided January 18, 1968, 394 F.2d 443, had been decided by our Fifth Circuit, we would probably be required to alter our statement in Gonzales, and wait no longer for a direct ruling from the Supreme Court. The other two cases cause us no concern. 1

A second phase of appellant's attack upon the affidavit is just as serious as his first. He was able to establish by motion to suppress and on his motion for new trial that the affidavit in question was used by the City of Houston Police as a model and copied in haec verba in other cases (except for the names, dates and places). While not affecting the validity of the affidavit in the case at bar, we join appellant in condemning the practice, if it is the case, of using one model affidavit to fit all situations. The simple reason for condemning such a practice is that no two cases are exactly alike and the use of stereotyped affidavits would run the risk of making the officer who executed the same guilty of false swearing. The enforcement of the law should never sink to such a level. We say that such practice, if it exists, does not affect the validity of the affidavit in the case at bar, because of the general rule that a court will not look behind the allegations of an affidavit for the issuance of a search warrant.

His next contention is that the statements of the accused at the time of the discovery of the heroin by the searching officers were not admissible because he was at that time under arrest and had not been warned. The search warrant under which the officers were acting authorized a search of the premises under appellant's control. As we...

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  • Mandel v. Municipal Court for Oakland-Piedmont Judicial Dist., Alameda County, OAKLAND-PIEDMONT
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals
    • October 8, 1969
    ...(See Pen.Code, § 1427; People v. Sesslin (1968) 68 Cal.2d 418, 422--426, 67 Cal.Rptr. 409, 439 P.2d 321, cert. den. (1968) 393 U.S. 1080, 89 S.Ct. 850, 21 L.Ed.2d 772; and People v. Chimel (1968) 68 Cal.2d 436, 440, 67 Cal.Rptr. 421, 439 P.2d 333, revd. on other grounds (1969) 395 U.S. 752,......
  • Eisenhauer v. State, No. 149-85
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • March 23, 1988
    ...the point where some police agencies have in the past prepared and used pre-printed "fill-in-the-blank" type forms, see Brown v. State, 437 S.W.2d 828 (Tex.Cr.App.1968), should no longer be "the test", and not just inform the reader what he and those members of this Court who join his opini......
  • Juarez v. State, No. 723-85
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • September 27, 1988
    ...P.2d 1206 (1976); People v. Sesslin, 68 Cal.2d 418 at 428, 67 Cal.Rptr. 409 at 416, 439 P.2d 321 at 378 (1968), cert. den. 393 U.S. 1080, 89 S.Ct. 850, 21 L.Ed.2d After discussing the "totality of circumstances" voluntariness test and the facts of the case the court concluded: "While this i......
  • Nouri v. Dadgar, No. 585, 2273, Sept. Term, 2018
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • April 7, 2020
    ...Md. & Va. Eldership of Churches of God v. Church of God at Sharpsburg , 249 Md. 650, 660, 241 A.2d 691 (1968), vacated , 393 U.S. 528, 89 S.Ct. 850, 21 L.Ed.2d 750 (1969), reaff'd on remand , 254 Md. 162, 254 A.2d 162 (1969), appeal dismissed , 396 U.S. 367, 90 S.Ct. 499, 24 L.Ed.2d 582 (19......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
70 cases
  • Mandel v. Municipal Court for Oakland-Piedmont Judicial Dist., Alameda County, OAKLAND-PIEDMONT
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals
    • October 8, 1969
    ...(See Pen.Code, § 1427; People v. Sesslin (1968) 68 Cal.2d 418, 422--426, 67 Cal.Rptr. 409, 439 P.2d 321, cert. den. (1968) 393 U.S. 1080, 89 S.Ct. 850, 21 L.Ed.2d 772; and People v. Chimel (1968) 68 Cal.2d 436, 440, 67 Cal.Rptr. 421, 439 P.2d 333, revd. on other grounds (1969) 395 U.S. 752,......
  • Eisenhauer v. State, No. 149-85
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • March 23, 1988
    ...where some police agencies have in the past prepared and used pre-printed "fill-in-the-blank" type forms, see Brown v. State, 437 S.W.2d 828 (Tex.Cr.App.1968), should no longer be "the test", and not just inform the reader what he and those members of this Court who join......
  • Juarez v. State, No. 723-85
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • September 27, 1988
    ...P.2d 1206 (1976); People v. Sesslin, 68 Cal.2d 418 at 428, 67 Cal.Rptr. 409 at 416, 439 P.2d 321 at 378 (1968), cert. den. 393 U.S. 1080, 89 S.Ct. 850, 21 L.Ed.2d After discussing the "totality of circumstances" voluntariness test and the facts of the case the court concluded: &qu......
  • Nouri v. Dadgar, No. 585, 2273, Sept. Term, 2018
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • April 7, 2020
    ...Md. & Va. Eldership of Churches of God v. Church of God at Sharpsburg , 249 Md. 650, 660, 241 A.2d 691 (1968), vacated , 393 U.S. 528, 89 S.Ct. 850, 21 L.Ed.2d 750 (1969), reaff'd on remand , 254 Md. 162, 254 A.2d 162 (1969), appeal dismissed , 396 U.S. 367, 90 S.Ct. 499, 24 L.Ed.2d 582......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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