Brumett v. MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C., No. 1 CA–CV 15–0047 (Consolidated)

CourtCourt of Appeals of Arizona
Writing for the CourtTHUMMA, Judge
Citation380 P.3d 659,240 Ariz. 420
Decision Date28 July 2016
Docket NumberNo. 1 CA–CV 16–0294 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0107 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0508 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0249 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0753 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0624 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0127 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0689 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0728 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0047 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0513 (Consolidated),No. 1 CA–CV 15–0375 (Consolidated)
Parties Billy Brumett, et al., Plaintiffs/Appellees, v. MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C., et al., Defendants/Appellants. Rachel A. Turley, et al., Plaintiffs/Appellees, v. Leo R. Beus, et al., Defendants/Appellants. Perry Boser, individually and on behalf of Theresa Dannielle Boser, deceased, and on behalf of all statutory beneficiaries, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Jason Lee Ware, Defendant/Appellant. Vance S. Taylor; Candy R. Overley, Plaintiffs/Appellants, v. Bucks Financial, LLC, Defendant/Appellee. Double AA Builders, Ltd., an Arizona corporation, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Preferred Contractors Insurance Company, LLC, a Montana company, Defendant/Appellant. David Romero, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. Khalid S. Hasan, et al., Defendants/Appellees. Riverbend Homeowners Association, an Arizona non-profit corporation, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. Felicia Edwards, Defendant/Appellee. Banner Health Systems, Garnishee/Appellee. Isaac Bonelli, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. Carol Olson, Defendant/Appellee. Robert Angelo, et al., Plaintiffs/Appellants, v. Stewart Title & Trust of Phoenix, Inc., Defendant/Appellee. In the Matter of the Estate of: Michele E. Davis, Deceased. Steve Erlick, as Personal Representative of the Estate of Michele E. Davis, Petitioner/Appellee, v. John Davis, Respondent/Appellant. AEA Federal Credit Union, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Yuma Funding, Inc., an Arizona corporation, Defendant/Appellant. ABC Sand and Rock Company, Inc., Plaintiff/Appellant, v. Flood Control District of Maricopa County, Defendant/Appellee.

240 Ariz. 420
380 P.3d 659

Billy Brumett, et al., Plaintiffs/Appellees,
v.
MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C., et al., Defendants/Appellants.


Rachel A. Turley, et al., Plaintiffs/Appellees,
v.
Leo R. Beus, et al., Defendants/Appellants.


Perry Boser, individually and on behalf of Theresa Dannielle Boser, deceased, and on behalf of all statutory beneficiaries, Plaintiff/Appellee,
v.
Jason Lee Ware, Defendant/Appellant.


Vance S. Taylor; Candy R. Overley, Plaintiffs/Appellants,
v.
Bucks Financial, LLC, Defendant/Appellee.


Double AA Builders, Ltd., an Arizona corporation, Plaintiff/Appellee,
v.
Preferred Contractors Insurance Company, LLC, a Montana company, Defendant/Appellant.


David Romero, Plaintiff/Appellant,
v.
Khalid S. Hasan, et al., Defendants/Appellees.


Riverbend Homeowners Association, an Arizona non-profit corporation, Plaintiff/Appellant,
v.
Felicia Edwards, Defendant/Appellee.


Banner Health Systems, Garnishee/Appellee.


Isaac Bonelli, Plaintiff/Appellant,
v.
Carol Olson, Defendant/Appellee.


Robert Angelo, et al., Plaintiffs/Appellants,
v.
Stewart Title & Trust of Phoenix, Inc., Defendant/Appellee.


In the Matter of the Estate of: Michele E. Davis, Deceased.


Steve Erlick, as Personal Representative of the Estate of Michele E. Davis, Petitioner/Appellee,
v.
John Davis, Respondent/Appellant.


AEA Federal Credit Union, Plaintiff/Appellee,
v.
Yuma Funding, Inc., an Arizona corporation, Defendant/Appellant.


ABC Sand and Rock Company, Inc., Plaintiff/Appellant,
v.
Flood Control District of Maricopa County, Defendant/Appellee.

No. 1 CA–CV 15–0047 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 15–0107 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 15–0127 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 15–0249 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 15–0375 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 15–0508 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 15–0513 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 15–0624 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 15–0689 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 15–0728 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 15–0753 (Consolidated)
No. 1 CA–CV 16–0294 (Consolidated)

Court of Appeals of Arizona, Division 1.

FILED July 28, 2016


Johnson & Gregory PLLC, Mesa, By W. Raymond Johnson, III, Robert M. Gregory, Tyler M. Sorensen, Counsel for Plaintiffs/Appellees Billy Brumett, et al.

Broening Oberg Woods & Wilson PC, Phoenix, By James R. Broening, T. Scott King, Michelle L. Donovan, Kevin R. Myer, Counsel for Defendants/Appellants MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C., et al.

Bryan Cave LLP, Phoenix, By J. Alex Grimsley, Robert J. Miller, Sean K. McElenney, Counsel for Plaintiffs/Appellees Rachel A. Turley, et al.

Osborn Maledon P.A., Phoenix, By David B. Rosenbaum, Nathan T. Arrowsmith, Moyes Sellers and Hendricks, LTD., Phoenix, By Keith L. Hendricks, Joshua T. Greer, Co–Counsel for Defendants/Appellants Leo R. Beus, et al.

Goldberg & Osborne, Phoenix, By Allen D. Bucknell, Counsel for Plaintiff/Appellee Perry Boser.

Jason Lee Ware, Tucson, Defendant/Appellant.

Vance Taylor and Candy Overley, Glendale, AZ, Plaintiffs/Appellants.

Law Offices of Michelle Ghidotti, Anaheim Hills, CA, By Michelle R. Ghidotti Gonsalves, Counsel for Defendant/Appellee Bucks Financial, LLC.

Holden Willits PLC, Phoenix, By Michael J. Holden, Barry A. Willits, R. Stewart Halstead, Nelson A. F., Mixon, Counsel for Plaintiff/Appellee Double AA Builders, Ltd.

Broening Oberg Woods & Wilson, PC, Phoenix, By Robert T. Sullivan, Alicyn M. Freeman, Kevin R. Myer, Counsel for Defendant/Appellant Preferred Contractors Insurance Company, LLC.

David Romero, Queen Creek, Plaintiff/Appellant.

Holden & Armer P.C., Phoenix, By Scott A. Holden, Carolyn (DeeDee) Armer Holden, Counsel for Defendants/Appellees Khalid S. Hasan, et al.

Vial Fotheringham, LLP, Tempe, By Quinten T. Cupps, Counsel for Plaintiff/Appellant Riverbend Homeowners Association.

Isaac Bonelli, Phoenix, Plaintiff/Appellant.

Carpenter Hazlewood Delgado & Bolen PLC, Tempe, By Mark A. Holmgren, Armistead W. Gilliam, Counsel for Plaintiffs/Appellants Robert Angelo, et al.

Burch & Cracchiolo PA, Phoenix, By Jake D. Curtis, Edwin D. Fleming, Sidley Austin LLP, Chicago, IL, By Gerard D. Kelly, Kevin M. Fee, Daniel C. Craig, Co–Counsel for Defendant/Appellee Stewart Title & Trust of Phoenix, Inc.

Kile & Kupiszewski Law Firm LLC, Scottsdale, By Stephen J.P. Kupiszewski, Christina M. Stoneking, Jennifer L. Kupiszewski Emily B. Kile, Counsel for Petitioner/Appellee Steve Erlick.

John Davis, Phoenix, Respondent/Appellant.

Law Office of Larry W. Suciu, Yuma, By Barry L. Olsen, Counsel for Plaintiff/Appellee Yuma Funding, Inc.

Schneider & Onofry PC, Yuma, By Jason M. Kelly, Counsel for Defendant/Appellant.

Osborn Maledon PA, Phoenix, By Colin F. Campbell, Meghan Grabel, Jana Lynn Sutton, Counsel for Plaintiff/Appellant ABC Sand and Rock Company, Inc.

Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP, Phoenix, By Stephen W. Tully, Bradley L. Dunn, Counsel for Defendant/Appellee Flood Control District of Maricopa County.

Vice Chief Judge Samuel A. Thumma delivered the opinion of the Court, in which Presiding Judge Kent E. Cattani and Judge Randall M. Howe joined.

THUMMA, Judge:

240 Ariz. 425
380 P.3d 664

¶ 1 By statute, an appeal may be taken from "a final judgment entered in an action." A.R.S. § 12–2101(A)(1) (2016).1 Consistent with this directive, the Arizona Rules of Civil Procedure describe two types of "final judgments:" (1) a "final judgment as to one or more but fewer than all of the claims or parties," Ariz. R. Civ. P. 54(b), and (2) a final judgment on "all claims and parties," Ariz. R. Civ. P. 54(c). The former is appealable "only upon an express determination that there is no just reason for delay and upon an express direction for the entry of judgment." Ariz. R. Civ. P. 54(b). The latter is appealable when "the court states that no further matters remain pending and that the judgment is entered pursuant to Rule 54(c)." Ariz. R. Civ. P. 54(c); see also Madrid v. Avalon Care Ctr.–Chandler, L.L.C. , 236 Ariz. 221, 223–24 ¶ 5, 338 P.3d 328 (App. 2014) (requiring Ariz. R. Civ. P. 54(c) statement as a jurisdictional prerequisite for an appeal from a final judgment taken under A.R.S. § 12–2101(A)(1) ).2

¶ 2 Other statutes, however, authorize appeals of various rulings that are not "final judgments" under A.R.S. § 12–2101(A)(1). The appeals consolidated here involve claims of appellate jurisdiction other than A.R.S. § 12–2101(A)(1), either under a different subsection of A.R.S. § 12–2101(A) or a different statute. See, e.g., A.R.S. § 12–913 (addressing appellate jurisdiction over "[t]he final decision, order, judgment or decree of the superior court entered in an action to review a decision of an administrative agency"); A.R.S. § 12–1873(A) (addressing appellate jurisdiction over "certification or refusal to certify a class action"); A.R.S. § 12–2101.01 (addressing appellate jurisdiction over orders, judgments and decrees regarding arbitration). The issue is whether such rulings may be appealed to this court even though they are not "final judgments" and are not entered under Rule 54(b) or 54(c).

¶ 3 Although Rule 54(b) has been in place for decades, Rule 54(c) was added effective January 1, 2014. Because no opinion discusses whether a Rule 54(c) declaration is necessary when a statute other than A.R.S. § 12–2101(A)(1) provides the basis for appellate jurisdiction, these appeals have been consolidated sua sponte for the limited purpose of addressing whether this court has appellate jurisdiction in these appeals. See Sorensen v. Farmers Ins. Co. of Ariz., 191 Ariz. 464, 465, 957 P.2d 1007 (App. 1997) (noting appellate court has an independent duty to examine whether it has appellate jurisdiction over putative appeals).3

240 Ariz. 426
380 P.3d 665

DISCUSSION

I. Appellate Jurisdiction And Ariz. R. Civ. P. 54(b) And 54(c).

¶ 4 This court's appellate jurisdiction is defined, and limited, by the Legislature. See, e.g. , Ariz. Const. art. 6 § 9 ("The jurisdiction, powers, duties and composition of any intermediate appellate court shall be as provided by law."); Garza v. Swift Transp. Co., Inc. , 222 Ariz. 281, 283 ¶ 12, 213 P.3d 1008 (2009) (stating this court "derives ... appellate jurisdiction wholly from statutory provisions") (citation omitted). Under A.R.S. § 12–2101(A)(1), the Legislature has directed that a "final judgment" is appealable. Given this directive, Arizona courts repeatedly have found that a judgment must be final before it can be appealed pursuant to A.R.S. § 12–2101(A)(1). See, e.g., Bollermann v. Nowlis , 234 Ariz. 340, 341 ¶ 6, 322 P.3d 157 (2014) ; Musa v. Adrian , 130 Ariz. 311, 312, 636 P.2d 89 (1981) ; In re Marriage of Johnson & Gravino , 231 Ariz. 228, 230 ¶ 5, 293 P.3d 504 (App. 2012). The Arizona Supreme Court has promulgated two procedural rules to define what constitutes an appealable "final judgment."

¶ 5 Rule 54(b) provides that a superior court may "direct the entry of final judgment as to one or more but fewer than all of the claims or parties" in a case "upon an express determination that there is no just reason for delay and upon an express direction for the entry of [a final] judgment." Promulgated in 1961, Rule 54(b) affords a superior court discretion to determine...

To continue reading

Request your trial
66 practice notes
  • Heredia v. Heredia, No. 2 CA-CV 2015-0201
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Arizona
    • December 29, 2016
    ...apply in matters governed by the Arizona Rules of Family Law Procedure. See Brumett v. MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C., 240 Ariz. 421, n.4, 380 P.3d 659, 665 n.4 (App. 2016). Accordingly, on August 22, 2016, we vacated our December 2015 order. 3. Section 12-349(B) allows the court to impose fee......
  • Sec. Alarm Fin. Enters., L.P. v. Fuller, No. 1 CA-CV 16-0255
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Arizona
    • July 6, 2017
    ...denying a motion to dismiss is not reviewable by appeal because it is not a final judgment. See Brumett v. MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C. , 240 Ariz. 420, 426, ¶ 4, 380 P.3d 659, 665 (App. 2016).¶ 5 Appellants, however, suggest Arizona Revised Statutes ("A.R.S.") section 12–2101.01(A)(1) (2017......
  • Bank of N.Y. Mellon v. Dodev, No. 1 CA-CV 17-0652
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Arizona
    • November 20, 2018
    ...Ariz. 35, 37, ¶ 9, 424 P.3d 436, 438 (App. 2018) (recognizing exceptions to the general rule); Brumett v. MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C. , 240 Ariz. 420, 432, ¶ 32, 380 P.3d 659, 671 (App. 2016) (citing cases). Accordingly, the superior court had jurisdiction to hear the current eviction actio......
  • Allstate Prop. & Cas. Ins. Co. v. Watts Water Techs., Inc., No. 1 CA CV 16-0500, 1 CA-CV 16-0559 (Consolidated)
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Arizona
    • February 6, 2018
    ...Revised Statutes ("A.R.S.") sections 12–120.21(A)(1) (2018) and –2101.01(A)(1) (2018). See also Brumett v. MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C., 240 Ariz. 420, 430–31, ¶¶ 20–21, 380 P.3d 659, 669–70 (App. 2016).ANALYSIS ¶ 8 Watts argues the superior court erred in denying its motions to dismiss and ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
67 cases
  • Heredia v. Heredia, No. 2 CA-CV 2015-0201
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Arizona
    • December 29, 2016
    ...apply in matters governed by the Arizona Rules of Family Law Procedure. See Brumett v. MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C., 240 Ariz. 421, n.4, 380 P.3d 659, 665 n.4 (App. 2016). Accordingly, on August 22, 2016, we vacated our December 2015 order. 3. Section 12-349(B) allows the court to impose fee......
  • Sec. Alarm Fin. Enters., L.P. v. Fuller, No. 1 CA-CV 16-0255
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Arizona
    • July 6, 2017
    ...denying a motion to dismiss is not reviewable by appeal because it is not a final judgment. See Brumett v. MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C. , 240 Ariz. 420, 426, ¶ 4, 380 P.3d 659, 665 (App. 2016).¶ 5 Appellants, however, suggest Arizona Revised Statutes ("A.R.S.") section 12–2101.01(A......
  • Bank of N.Y. Mellon v. Dodev, No. 1 CA-CV 17-0652
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Arizona
    • November 20, 2018
    ...Ariz. 35, 37, ¶ 9, 424 P.3d 436, 438 (App. 2018) (recognizing exceptions to the general rule); Brumett v. MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C. , 240 Ariz. 420, 432, ¶ 32, 380 P.3d 659, 671 (App. 2016) (citing cases). Accordingly, the superior court had jurisdiction to hear the current eviction actio......
  • Allstate Prop. & Cas. Ins. Co. v. Watts Water Techs., Inc., No. 1 CA CV 16-0500, 1 CA-CV 16-0559 (Consolidated)
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Arizona
    • February 6, 2018
    ...Statutes ("A.R.S.") sections 12–120.21(A)(1) (2018) and –2101.01(A)(1) (2018). See also Brumett v. MGA Home Healthcare, L.L.C., 240 Ariz. 420, 430–31, ¶¶ 20–21, 380 P.3d 659, 669–70 (App. 2016).ANALYSIS ¶ 8 Watts argues the superior court erred in denying its motions to dismiss an......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT