People v. Martinez, 83CA0940

Decision Date01 August 1985
Docket NumberNo. 83CA0940,83CA0940
Citation712 P.2d 1070
PartiesThe PEOPLE of the State of Colorado, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Paul L. MARTINEZ, Defendant-Appellant. . I
CourtColorado Court of Appeals

Duane Woodard, Atty. Gen., Charles B. Howe, Chief Deputy Atty. Gen., Richard H. Forman, Sol. Gen., Clement P. Engle, Asst. Atty. Gen., Denver, for plaintiff-appellee.

David F. Vela, State Public Defender, Martin J. Gerra, III, Deputy State Public Defender, Denver, for defendant-appellant.


The defendant, Paul Martinez, appeals his conviction of escape, contending that his 90-day speedy trial right under the Uniform Mandatory Disposition of Detainers Act (UMDDA), § 16-14-101, et seq., C.R.S. (1978 Repl.Vol. 8), was violated. We affirm.

The defendant first invoked his right to speedy disposition under the UMDDA at an advisement hearing on February 17, 1982. The trial court acknowledged this request and, accordingly, set a trial date of May 3, 1982. Before trial, on April 28, 1982, the defendant changed his plea from not guilty to not guilty by reason of insanity. At that time, the defendant was fully apprised that any time required for examination or trial because of the insanity defense would be completely attributable to him, no matter how long or how uncertain that time was, and that the 90-day period would be tolled during the entire time required to resolve the issue of insanity. The defendant and his counsel indicated they understood and agreed with this analysis.

On December 16, 1982, a final insanity report was filed with the court, and discussion of trial dates ensued. A pre-trial hearing was set for January 19, 1983, at which, for the first time, the defendant withdrew his insanity plea. The court determined that the speedy trial calculation began to run again and, therefore, set trial to begin on February 3, 1983. After a mistrial on February 3, 1983, the case finally proceeded to trial February 9, 1983, resulting in the defendant being convicted.

On appeal, the defendant contends that because of the delays in bringing the case to trial, his rights under the UMDDA were violated. He asserts it is the duty of the prosecutor, and not the defendant, to direct the trial court to the applicable case law, and to ensure that the trial is speedy, and argues that, therefore, he did not waive his right to contest any of the calculations concerning the speedy trial period. We agree with the defendant that it is not his duty to ensure compliance with speedy trial requirements. See People v. Bell, 669 P.2d 1381 (Colo.1983); Marquez v. District Court, 200 Colo. 55, 613 P.2d 1302 (1980). However, a defendant may waive his right to final disposition within the 90-day statutory period by express waiver, or affirmative conduct evidencing such a waiver, such as active participation in trial setting delays, together with agreement to the appropriate dates. See People v. Mascarenas, 666 P.2d 101 (Colo.1983); People v. Fetty, 650 P.2d 541 (Colo.1982); Chambers v. District Court, 180 Colo. 241, 504 P.2d 340 (1972).

Here, the record reveals that the defendant consented to all delays, fully understood and agreed that the entire delay caused by resolution of the insanity plea was excludible, did not challenge the trial court's analysis that as of January 19, 1983, 20 days remained in the speedy trial period, and agreed to a trial date of February 3, 1983. We agree with the prosecution that by these actions, the defendant waived any challenge he might have had to...

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6 cases
  • State v. Florez
    • United States
    • Utah Supreme Court
    • June 29, 1989 avoid undue prejudice before the jury); see also United States v. Flenoid, 718 F.2d 867, 868 (8th Cir.1983); People v. Martinez, 712 P.2d 1070, 1071-72 (Colo.Ct.App.1985); People v. Huston, 113 Ill.App.3d 70, 72-73, 446 N.E.2d 568, 570 (1983). But see People v. Hall, 28 Cal.3d 143, 152, ......
  • Kenneth-Smith v. State
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • August 18, 1992
    ...See State v. Galvan, 795 S.W.2d 113, 118 (Mo.App.1990); People v. Velarde, 790 P.2d 903, 904 (Colo.App.1989); People v. Martinez, 712 P.2d 1070, 1071[1, 2, 3] (Colo.App.1985); State v. Calderon, 233 Kan. 87, 661 P.2d 781, 788-89[15, 16] (1983). A request or the acquiescence by a defendant t......
  • People v. Sa'Ra
    • United States
    • Colorado Supreme Court
    • August 8, 2005
    ...2002, defendant agreed to a July 22, 2002 trial date, and in so doing waived his right to speedy trial yet again. See People v. Martinez, 712 P.2d 1070 (Colo.App.1985)(defendant may waive speedy trial by participating in setting the trial date outside of the speedy trial Notwithstanding the......
  • People v. Carr
    • United States
    • Colorado Court of Appeals
    • October 30, 2008
    ...a waiver, such as active participation in trial setting delays, together with agreement to the appropriate dates." People v. Martinez, 712 P.2d 1070, 1071 (Colo.App.1985); see, e.g., Mascarenas, 666 P.2d at 106 (holding, as an alternative basis for affirming the trial court's denial of defe......
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