People v. Swiatowy

Decision Date07 February 2001
Citation280 A.D.2d 71,721 N.Y.S.2d 185
PartiesTHE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, Respondent,<BR>v.<BR>DALE A. SWIATOWY, Appellant. (Appeal No. 2.)
CourtNew York Supreme Court — Appellate Division

Shirley A. Gorman, Public Defender's Office, Rochester, for appellant.

Lawrence Friedman, District Attorney of Genese County, Batavia, for respondent.

HURLBUTT, KEHOE and LAWTON, JJ., concur.

OPINION OF THE COURT

PIGOTT, JR., P. J.

On this appeal, defendant contends that County Court had no authority to direct him to pay restitution 13 months after he was sentenced. On the facts of this case, we disagree.

The relevant facts are not in dispute. Defendant pleaded guilty to attempted assault in the second degree (Penal Law §§ 110.00, 120.05 [2]), admitting during the plea allocution that he stabbed the victim with a knife, causing physical injuries that required hospitalization. On May 28, 1998, when defendant appeared for sentencing, the District Attorney advised the court that there was a claim for restitution on behalf of the victim, based on the victim's medical bills. Because the court did not have before it sufficient information concerning the full extent of the victim's damages, the court indicated its intention "to sever the issue of restitution and see if the parties can resolve it." The court further noted that, if the parties could not resolve the issue of restitution, a hearing would be conducted on that issue. Both the prosecutor and defense counsel consented to the court's severance of the restitution issue. The court then sentenced defendant to five years' probation with an intermittent period of incarceration.

Approximately four months later, the Genesee County Department of Social Services, the agency that through Medicaid paid the victim's medical bills, submitted a claim for restitution in the amount of $8,955.54 (see generally, People v Kim, 91 NY2d 407, 411-412; People v Cruz, 81 NY2d 996, 997-998; Penal Law § 60.27 [4] [b]). Defense counsel contended that the claim for restitution was untimely. The court rejected that contention and conducted a restitution hearing. On June 18, 1999, following the hearing, the court directed defendant to pay restitution in the amount of $8,955.54 plus a 5% surcharge. Defendant appealed from the judgment of conviction and the amended sentence, and sought leave to appeal from the order of restitution (see, CPL 450.15 [3]; 460.15). We granted leave to appeal from the order, and consolidated the three appeals.

"Normally the court should determine the amount of restitution at the time of sentencing" (People v Consalvo, 89 NY2d 140, 144; see, People v Kevin C., 265 AD2d 828, 828-829; People v Bentivegna, 145 AD2d 899; Penal Law § 60.27 [1]). We agree with the Second Department, however, that the court's failure to order restitution at the time of sentencing does not necessarily deprive the court of jurisdiction to impose restitution thereafter (see, People v Daprano, 224 AD2d 441, 441-442, lv denied 88 NY2d 965; see also, People v Bauer, 229 AD2d 502; People v Jackson, 180 AD2d 755), so long as the People properly state at sentencing that they intend to seek restitution (see, e.g., People v Kevin C., supra, at 828-829). Judicial modification or correction of a sentence, such as the addition of restitution, however, must occur within a reasonable time following the sentencing proceeding. The general rule requiring prompt sentencing (see, People v Drake, 61 NY2d 359, 365-366) applies equally here, and thus an unreasonable delay will result in loss of jurisdiction over defendant (see generally, People v Daprano, supra, at 441-442).

Where, as here, the information concerning the full extent of damages was not available for presentation to the court at the time of defendant's sentencing (see, People v Holden, 244 AD2d 961, lv denied 91 NY2d 926), the court properly severed the issue of restitution. Accordingly, we conclude that, under the facts of this case, the court was not divested of jurisdiction in this matter as a result of the delay in imposing restitution (see, People v...

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8 cases
  • People v. Naumowicz
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • August 12, 2010
    ...the modification or correction of the sentence occurs within a reasonable time thereafter ( see Penal Law § 60.27[1]; People v. Swiatowy, 280 A.D.2d at 73, 721 N.Y.S.2d 185; People v. Kevin C., 265 A.D.2d 828, 828-829, 697 N.Y.S.2d 217 [1999]; People v. Daprano, 224 A.D.2d 441, 441-442, 638......
  • People v. Tyler
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • June 10, 2016
    ...had jurisdiction to impose restitution despite its failure to order restitution at the time of sentencing (see People v. Swiatowy, 280 A.D.2d 71, 72–73, 721 N.Y.S.2d 185, lv. denied 96 N.Y.2d 868, 730 N.Y.S.2d 43, 754 N.E.2d 1126 ), a hearing was required because defendant contested the amo......
  • People v. Schmiege, 275
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • May 3, 2019
    ...hearing if, as here, the People announce their intent to seek restitution during that hearing (see People v. Swiatowy , 280 A.D.2d 71, 73, 721 N.Y.S.2d 185 [4th Dept. 2001], lv denied 96 N.Y.2d 868, 730 N.Y.S.2d 43, 754 N.E.2d 1126 [2001] ).Finally, defendant argues that the court violated ......
  • People v. Schmiege
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • June 28, 2019
    ...hearing if, as here, the People announce their intent to seek restitution during that hearing (see People v. Swiatowy, 280 A.D.2d 71, 73, 721 N.Y.S.2d 185 [4th Dept. 2001], lv denied 96 N.Y.2d 868, 730 N.Y.S.2d 43, 754 N.E.2d 1126 [2001] ). Defendant next contends that his plea was involunt......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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