Simpson v. State, BJ-453

CourtCourt of Appeal of Florida (US)
Citation502 So.2d 61,12 Fla. L. Weekly 469
Docket NumberNo. BJ-453,BJ-453
Parties12 Fla. L. Weekly 469 Vaughn R. SIMPSON, Appellant, v. STATE of Florida, Appellee.
Decision Date10 February 1987

Michael E. Allen, Public Defender, and Carl S. McGinnes, Asst. Public Defender, Tallahassee, for appellant.

Jim Smith, Atty. Gen., Tallahassee, and Barbara Ann Butler, Asst. Atty. Gen., Jacksonville, for appellee.

ZEHMER, Judge.

Appellant, Vaughn R. Simpson, complains that the written grounds for imposing a sentence in excess of the sentencing guidelines are improper. Because we find four of the five grounds given by the trial court to be legally insufficient, we reverse.

In case 85-6497 appellant was tried before a jury and found guilty of armed robbery, attempted first degree murder, and use of a firearm during an armed robbery stemming from an incident which took place on June 12, 1985. In case 85-6411 appellant pled guilty to armed robbery and aggravated battery arising out of an incident on June 14, 1985. As part of the plea agreement, the state abandoned the third count, which charged use of a firearm during a felony. When appellant appeared for sentencing in both cases, the guidelines scoresheet indicated that his point scale was 221, which placed him in the cell calling for a twelve- to seventeen-year sentence in prison. The trial court departed from the guidelines and, in case 85-6497, sentenced appellant to fifteen years for attempted robbery, twenty-seven years for attempted first degree murder, and fifteen years for use of a firearm during a felony. In case 85-6411, appellant was sentenced to twenty-seven years for armed robbery and fifteen years for aggravated battery. All sentences were directed to be served concurrently.

The twelve-page sentencing order set forth the following reasons for departure:

1. The regularity or frequency with which the crimes were committed. One attempted armed robbery and attempted first degree murder was committed on June 12, 1985. Two days later on June 14, the defendant committed another armed robbery and aggravated battery.

2. During the two robberies the defendant fired his pistol six times--two of which shots were to intimidate and hasten the victims into compliance. Those wildly fired shots placed persons nearby at great risk. The other four shots were fired at unarmed victims (at one with premeditated intent to murder) and at the other with the intent to kill or maim.

3. None of the four victims were armed--nor did they pose any threat to the defendant. Yet, he shot two of them without provocation.

4. The actions of the defendant at both robberies were those of a deadly predatory animal taunting and terrifying its prey. In addition to the physical injuries, the victims have been emotionally ravaged and psychologically traumatized.

5. The acts of the defendant were not accidental or due to nervousness. If they had been, there probably would have been only one shooting. However, the defendant threatened and shot victims during both robberies--evincing a homicidal intent and a contempt for human life.

Reason 1 is based on the timing of several offenses already considered in calculating the scoresheet. Nevertheless, we have previously held that the temporal pattern of the commission of scored offenses is a valid basis for departure from the guidelines if sufficiently detailed in the written grounds of departure. Williams v. State, 484 So.2d 71 (Fla. 1st DCA 1986); Swain v. State, 455 So.2d 533 (Fla. 1st DCA 1984); cf. Jones v. State, 501...

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4 cases
  • Simpson v. State, BJ-453
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • 15 d3 Abril d3 1987
    ...Tallahassee, for appellee. ON MOTION FOR REHEARING ZEHMER, Judge. In its motion for rehearing the state argues that our original opinion, 502 So.2d 61, misunderstood the trial court's reasons for departing from the sentencing First, the state contends we overlooked or misapprehended the tri......
  • State v. Simpson
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Florida
    • 21 d4 Dezembro d4 1989
    ...and Carl S. McGinnes, Asst. Public Defender, Tallahassee, for respondent/petitioner. KOGAN, Justice. We have for review Simpson v. State, 502 So.2d 61 (Fla. 1st DCA 1987), and Simpson v. State, 505 So.2d 1378 (Fla. 1st DCA 1987) (supplementing earlier opinion on denial of rehearing), which ......
  • Simpson v. State, 92-1955
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • 13 d2 Abril d2 1993
    ...(Fla.1989); Simpson v. State, 562 So.2d 830 (Fla. 1st DCA 1990); Simpson v. State, 505 So.2d 1378 (Fla. 1st DCA 1987); Simpson v. State, 502 So.2d 61 (Fla. 1st DCA 1987).2 One of the alleged grounds of ineffective assistance of appellate counsel pertains to counsel's performance before the ......
  • Simpson v. State, BJ-453
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • 7 d4 Junho d4 1990
    ...opinion of this court and reaffirm the validity of the quoted reason for departure. In accordance with our original decision reported at 502 So.2d 61, this cause is remanded for resentencing pursuant to Albritton v. State, 476 So.2d 158 (Fla.1985). SHIVERS, C.J., and ERVIN, J., concur. 1 Si......

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