State v. Leigh

Decision Date19 July 1972
Docket NumberNo. 71-578,71-578
Citation285 N.E.2d 333,31 Ohio St.2d 97
Parties, 60 O.O.2d 80 The STATE of Ohio, Appellee, v. LEIGH, Appellant.
CourtOhio Supreme Court

On September 24, 1969, a robbery of the Cabinet-Supreme Savings & Loan Association, located in Delhi Township, Hamilton County, occurred. During the robbery, the lone woman teller and three female customers were shot and killed.

On September 28, 1969, John Leigh, defendant herein, and Watterson Johnson, a codefendant, were arrested in Arizona. At that time, the defendant provided a statement to an FBI special agent, in which he confessed that he had fired all the shots. He also provided a description of how the shooting occurred and what guns were used. The following day, the defendant repeated his confession to a Cincinnati police officer. Both statements were introduced in evidence at the trial.

Raymond Kassow, another codefendant who was arrested in Cincinnati on the day of the robbery, had led the police to three guns which met the specific descriptions provided by the defendant in his statement.

The prosecutor tried the case on the theory that the defendant was 'the trigger man,' and had shot and killed all four women by firing a .25-caliber automatic until it jammed, then firing a .22-caliber revolver until all four women quit moving. This theory corresponds to the statements provided to the police by the defendant.

At trial, upon one of four counts of first degree murder, the defendant testified that he had been at the Cabinet-Supreme Bank on September 24th; that he met the two other persons involved in the robbery that morning; that he had gone to Delhi with them and waited for the manager of the bank to leave; and that when the manager left, they drove to the bank. Thus, the defendant's participation in the crime is not disputed. However, the defendant refuted his prior statements insofar as they related to his active participation in the shooting. He stated that he remained in the car, and that Kassow did all the shooting.

After the case had been submitted to the jury, defense counsel learned that expert testimony had been available to the prosecutor's office prior to this trial. This evidence indicated that Kassow had fired more than one shot from some gun or guns on the day of the robbery. Such evidence had not been disclosed to this defendant.

The jury returned a verdict of guilty, without a recommendation of mercy, and judgment was entered upon the verdict. No motion for a new trial was filed by the defendant, nor was a request made to have the jury advised of this additional evidence.

The Court of Appeals affirmed the judgment of conviction.

The cause is now before this court upon appeal as a matter of right.

Simon L. Leis, Jr., Pros. Atty., and Leonard Kirschner, Cincinnati, for appellee.

John J. Getgey, Jr., and Jack C. Rubenstein, Cincinnati, for appellant.

PER CURIAM.

We modify the judgment of the Court of Appeals.

Appellant postulates his appeal upon (1) claiming that the suppression of evidence by the prosecution relating to ballistics tests would...

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15 cases
  • State v. Halczyszak
    • United States
    • Ohio Supreme Court
    • August 13, 1986
    ...are authoritative, as to questions of federal law. State v. Kruze (1973), 34 Ohio St.2d 69, 70, 295 N.E.2d 916 ; State v. Leigh (1972), 31 Ohio St.2d 97, 99, 285 N.E.2d 333 ; Wilson v. Pennsylvania Rd. Co. (1939), 135 Ohio St. 560, 21 N.E.2d 865 ; Railway Passenger Assur. Co. v. Pierce (187......
  • Bean v. State of Nevada
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of Nevada
    • October 18, 1974
    ...Mississippi: Myers v. State, Miss., 268 So.2d 353 (1972); Missouri: State v. Cobb, Mo., 484 S.W.2d 196 (1972); Ohio: State v. Leigh, 31 Ohio St.2d 97, 285 N.E.2d 333 (1972); Oklahoma: Pate v. State, 507 P.2d 915 (Okl. Cr.1973); Pennsylvania: Commonwealth v. Ross, 449 Pa. 103, 296 A.2d 629 (......
  • Mears v. State of Nevada
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of Nevada
    • November 27, 1973
    ...Mississippi: Myers v. State, 268 So.2d 353 (1972); Missouri: State v. Cobb, Mo., 484 S.W.2d 196 (1972); Ohio: State v. Leigh, 31 Ohio St.2d 97, 285 N.E.2d 333 (1972); Oklahoma: Pate v. State, 507 P.2d 915 (Okl.Cr.1973); Pennsylvania: Commonwealth v. Ross, 449 Pa. 103, 296 A.2d 629 (1972); S......
  • State v. Tingler
    • United States
    • Ohio Supreme Court
    • July 19, 1972
    ...of the Court of Appeals is modified to the extent of reducing the death sentence to one of life imprisonment. See State v. Leigh (1972), 31 Ohio St.2d 97, 285 N.E.2d 333. Judgment HERBERT, STERN, LEACH and BROWN, JJ., concur. C. WILLIAM O'NEILL, C. J., and CORRIGAN, J., concur in the judgme......
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