People v. Martin, 83CA1239

Decision Date28 February 1985
Docket NumberNo. 83CA1239,83CA1239
Citation707 P.2d 1005
PartiesThe PEOPLE of the State of Colorado, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Jason MARTIN, a/k/a Zambezi Zakee, Defendant-Appellant. . I
CourtColorado Court of Appeals

Duane Woodard, Atty. Gen., Charles B. Howe, Chief Deputy Atty. Gen., Richard H. Forman, Sol. Gen., Cynthia L. Nimerichter, Asst. Atty. Gen., Denver, for plaintiff-appellee.

David F. Vela, Colorado State Pub. Defender, Claire Levy, Deputy State Pub. Defender, Denver, for defendant-appellant.


Defendant, Jason Martin, appeals from the judgment of conviction entered on jury verdicts finding him guilty of one count of possession of contraband and one count of second degree assault. We affirm.


Defendant first asserts that the trial court improperly denied his motion to dismiss for failure to comply with the Uniform Mandatory Disposition of Detainers Act (the act). He contends that the superintendent of the Centennial Correction Facility failed to forward "forthwith" his request for final disposition of detainer to the trial court. We find no error in the trial court's ruling.

The information was filed on January 21, 1983, and the detainer was filed on January 25. On January 27 defendant delivered an executed request for final disposition of the detainer to the superintendent.

At a hearing held February 3, 1983, the public defender was appointed to represent defendant. Preliminary hearing was then scheduled for February 10. Following preliminary hearing the trial court granted defendant fifteen days to file motions, set a motions hearing for March 9, and set a trial date for May 2, 1983.

Defendant's request for final disposition of the detainer was received and filed in the trial court on March 4, 1983, 36 days after delivery to the superintendent and 59 days before the May 2 trial date. On March 7 the trial judge addressed a letter to counsel referring to the filing of the request.

Thereafter, on March 9, 1983, defendant filed, and the trial court granted, his motion for an extension of time for filing motions to April 7, 1983. The motions hearing was set for April 15. The trial date of May 2 was reaffirmed.

Defendant then filed on March 14 a motion for free transcript, and on April 5, 1983, he filed a motion for disclosure of informant. These motions were heard on April 15. The trial date of May 2, 1983, was again reaffirmed.

At no time during these pretrial proceedings did defendant raise, by oral or written motion, any issue regarding alleged defects under the act. And, defendant did not object to the trial setting.

On the morning of trial, following roll call of the jury panel, defendant moved orally to dismiss for failure of the superintendent to file the request with the trial court until 36 days after it was delivered. The trial court refused to hear the motion because it was untimely filed. On the basis of the record, the trial court concluded that defendant had waived his right to assert any defect under the act. At the hearing on defendant's motion for new trial the trial court reaffirmed this ruling.

An individual who is in the custody of the department of corrections may request final disposition of any untried information pending against him in this state. Section 16-14-102, C.R.S. (1978 Repl.Vol. 8). Any request made under this statute shall be delivered to the superintendent of the facility where the prisoner is confined, who shall forthwith send, by registered mail, a copy of the request to the court having jurisdiction of the untried offense. Section 16-14-103(1), C.R.S. (1978 Repl.Vol. 8). Within 90 days after receipt of the request by the court, the defendant shall be brought to trial. Section 16-14-104, C.R.S. (1978 Repl.Vol. 8). Thus, the dispositive issue here is whether defendant waived his objection that his request was not transferred "forthwith" to the trial court.

All rights under the act are statutorily and not constitutionally based; thus, waiver of them must be voluntary but need not be knowing and intelligent. See People v. Moody, 676 P.2d 691 (Colo.1984). Voluntariness in this context requires a showing that defendant or his attorney acquiesced freely in a trial date beyond the speedy trial period. See People v. Sevigny, 679 P.2d 1070 (Colo.1984). Failure to object to a trial setting beyond the speedy trial term is a factor to consider on the issue of waiver. People v. Sevigny, supra. A defendant may effectively waive his right to final disposition within the 90 day statutory limitation by his active participation in the trial setting, in any delays, and in his agreement to settings by the trial court. People v. Mascarenas, 666 P.2d 101 (Colo.1983).

Here, defendant, and presumably his attorney, knew of the execution and delivery of the request for final disposition before the first trial setting made on February 10. Defense counsel certainly had constructive notice of the request upon its being filed with the trial court on March 4, 1983, and counsel was, in fact, notified of the filing by letter on March 7. On March 9, defendant's motion for an extension of time to file motions was granted to April 7 and the trial date of May 2 was reaffirmed. Defendant thereafter filed various motions, none of which alleged any defect under the act, and a hearing was held on April 15, when the court and counsel again reaffirmed the trial setting. Thus, here, as in People v....

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6 cases
  • Martin v. People, 85SC148
    • United States
    • Colorado Supreme Court
    • June 8, 1987
    ...(1986), and second degree assault, § 18-3-203(1)(f), 8B C.R.S. (1986). The Court of Appeals affirmed the conviction in People v. Martin, 707 P.2d 1005 (Colo.App.1985), rejecting the defendant's contentions that his case should be dismissed for failure to comply with the requirements of the ......
  • People v. Martinez, 83CA0940
    • United States
    • Colorado Court of Appeals
    • August 1, 1985
    ...upon which confinement is premised, Massey v. People, 649 P.2d 1070 (Colo.1982), and need not accept a stipulation. See People v. Martin, 707 P.2d 1005 (Colo.App.1985); Kostal v. People, 160 Colo. 64, 414 P.2d 123 (1966), cert. denied, 385 U.S. 939, 87 S.Ct. 305, 17 L.Ed.2d 218 (1966). Ther......
  • People v. Rogers
    • United States
    • Colorado Court of Appeals
    • August 15, 1985
    ...the process of setting a trial date, he may be bound by his actions. See People v. Mascarenas, 666 P.2d 101 (Colo.1983); People v. Martin, 707 P.2d 1005 (Colo.App. 1985). A defendant may also be bound by the actions of his attorney, see Chambers v. District Court, 180 Colo. 241, 504 P.2d 34......
  • People v. Carr
    • United States
    • Colorado Court of Appeals
    • October 30, 2008
    ...period by his active participation in the trial setting delays and [by] his agreement to the appropriate dates"); People v. Martin, 707 P.2d 1005, 1007 (Colo.App. 1985) (defendant's agreement to trial date beyond UMDDA's limitation period constituted a waiver of rights under the UMDDA), aff......
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