Smith v. Kleynerman, Case No.: 2015AP207

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Wisconsin
Writing for the CourtPER CURIAM.
Parties Scott SMITH, Plaintiff-Respondent-Cross-Appellant, Alpha Cargo Technology, LLC, Plaintiff, v. Greg KLEYNERMAN, Defendant-Appellant-Cross-Respondent-Petitioner, Red Flag Cargo Security Systems, LLC, Defendant.
Docket NumberCase No.: 2015AP207
Decision Date21 March 2017

374 Wis.2d 1
892 N.W.2d 734 (Mem)

Scott SMITH, Plaintiff-Respondent-Cross-Appellant,

Alpha Cargo Technology, LLC, Plaintiff,
v.
Greg KLEYNERMAN, Defendant-Appellant-Cross-Respondent-Petitioner,

Red Flag Cargo Security Systems, LLC, Defendant.

Case No.: 2015AP207

Supreme Court of Wisconsin.

Opinion Filed: March 21, 2017
Oral Argument: January 19, 2017


For the Defendant-Appellant-Cross-Respondent-Petitioner, Greg Kleynerman, there were briefs filed by Thomas L. Shriner, Jr., Max B. Chester and Philip C. Babler, Foley & Lardner LLP, Milwaukee, and oral argument by Thomas L. Shriner.

For the Plaintiff-Respondent-Cross-Appellant, Scott Smith, there was a brief filed by Timothy M. Hansen, Andrew J. Kramer, Danielle M. Nardick and Hansen Reynolds LLC, Milwaukee, and oral argument by Andrew J. Kramer.

PER CURIAM.

374 Wis.2d 2

¶1 The judgment is affirmed by an equally divided Court.

¶2 DANIEL KELLY, J., did not participate.

SHIRLEY S. ABRAHAMSON, J. (concurring).

¶3 I write separately to preserve institutional and historical memory. This is the first case since 1979 resulting in a tie vote in which the court does not state the names of the participating justices and each of the justices' votes in the case.

¶4 A total of 115 cases from 1885 through 2016 present the names and votes of each participating justice. See Attachment A.

¶5 A total of 26 cases from 1849 through 1979 do not present the names and votes of each participating justice. See Attachment B.

¶6 These attachments demonstrate, even if my internet search might have missed some cases, that the court is changing its recent and historically dominant

374 Wis.2d 3

practice with this per curiam. The court gives no explanation for this change.

¶7 From my perspective, consistency is important. If a court is not consistent in its

892 N.W.2d 735

practice about reporting tie votes, then I believe the court should explain why the voting information is revealed in a particular case and in another it is not.

¶8 High courts in other states differ in their practice about setting forth the names of the justices and the votes cast in tie vote cases. The United States Supreme Court does not set forth the line-up of the justices when a tie vote exists.

ATTACHMENT A

Equally Divided Court:

Cases Naming Justices

1. Zwickey v. Haney , 63 Wis. 464, 23 N.W. 577 (1885) (on appeal).

2. Church of the Good Shepherd v. Racine Water Co. , 116 Wis. 11, 92 N.W. 436 (1902) (on appeal).

3. Morey v. Lake Superior Terminal & Transfer Ry. Co. , 118 Wis. 148, 93 N.W. 1135 (1903) (on appeal).

4. Gibbs v. Seibt , 118 Wis. 145, 93 N.W. 1097 (1903) (on appeal).

5. Jacobs v. Queen Ins. Co. of Am. , 123 Wis. 608, 101 N.W. 1090 (1905) (on appeal).

6. Cook v. Minneapolis, St. P. & S.S.M. Ry. Co. , 125 Wis. 528, 103 N.W. 1097 (1905) (on appeal).

7. Zohrlaut v. Mengelberg , 148 Wis. 592, 134 N.W. 1135 (1912) (on appeal).

8. Nelson v. Fairchild & N.E. R. Co. , 163 Wis. 300, 156 N.W. 943 (1916) (on appeal).
374 Wis.2d 4
9. Wis. Chair Co. v. Industrial Comm'n of Wis. , 163 Wis. 25, 157 N.W. 1103 (1916) (on appeal).

10. Faust Lumber Co. v. Industrial Comm'n of Wis. , 163 Wis. 365, 157 N.W. 1103 (1916) (on appeal).

11. In re Carter's Estate , 167 Wis. 89, 166 N.W. 657 (1918) (on appeal).

12. Rathenberger v. Jacob , 167 Wis. 273, 167 N.W. 271 (1918) (on appeal).

13. Johnston v. City of West Allis , 173 Wis. 463, 180 N.W. 121 (1920) (on appeal).

14. Racine Auto Tire Co. v. Indus. Comm'n of Wis. , 173 Wis. 118, 180 N.W. 124 (1920) (on appeal).

15. Gruhl Sash & Door Co. v. Chicago, M. & St. P. Ry. Co. , 173 Wis. 215, 180 N.W. 845 (1921) (on appeal).

16. In re Saveland's Will , 173 Wis. 328, 181 N.W. 209 (1921) (on appeal).

17. South Side Malleable Co. v. Four Wheel Drive Auto Co. , 174 Wis. 93, 181 N.W. 749 (1921) (on appeal).

18. Kahn v. Melaney , 174 Wis. 95, 181 N.W. 737 (1921) (on appeal).

19. Kroner v. Order of United Commercial Travelers of Am. , 176 Wis. 151, 184 N.W. 1037 (1921) (on appeal).

20. Griffin v. Milwaukee Elec. Ry. & Light Co. , 176 Wis. 179, 185 N.W. 639 (1921) (on appeal).

21. State ex rel. Klefisch v. Wis. Telephone Co. , 181 Wis. 519, 195 N.W. 544 (1923) (on appeal).

22. Fox River Paper Co. v. Railroad Comm'n , 189 Wis. 626, 208 N.W. 266 (1926) (on appeal).

23. Schafer & Olson v. Varney , 191 Wis. 186, 210 N.W. 359 (1926) (on appeal).

24. Morse v. State , 193 Wis. 495, 215 N.W. 216 (1927) (on appeal).
374 Wis.2d 5
25. Boehlke v. Wallschlaeger , 196 Wis. 570, 219 N.W. 270 (1928) (on appeal).

26. Barteck v. Rotter , 197 Wis. 303, 222 N.W. 221 (1928) (on appeal).

27. In re Ott's Will , 198 Wis. 55, 223 N.W. 452 (1929) (on appeal).
892 N.W.2d 736
28. Estate of Byrne , 201 Wis. 76, 228 N.W. 436 (1930) (on appeal).

29. Olson v. Cunningham , 200 Wis. 610, 228 N.W. 895 (1930) (on appeal).

30. Spring Creek Threshing Co. v. Amundson , 202 Wis. 150, 231 N.W. 628 (1930) (on appeal).

31. Bender v. Bain , 227 Wis. 454, 278 N.W. 864 (1938) (on appeal).

32. Carpenter Baking Co. v. Bakery Sales Drivers Local Union , 238 Wis. 367, 299 N.W. 30 (1941) (on appeal).

33. In re Gerlach's Will , 239 Wis. 353, 300 N.W. 476 (1941) (on appeal).

34. Banking Comm'n of Wis. v. Rothe , 239 Wis. 529, 2 N.W.2d 220 (1942) (on appeal).

35. Radtke Bros. & Kortsch Co. v. Indus. Comm'n , 240 Wis. 410, 3 N.W.2d 679 (1942) (on appeal).

36. Int'l Harvester Co. v. Wis. Dep't of Taxation , 243 Wis. 198, 10 N.W.2d 169 (1943) (on appeal).

37. In re Razall's Will , 245 Wis. 416, 14 N.W.2d 764 (1944) (on appeal).

38. Fed. Refrigerator Mfg. Co. v. Crowley , 252 Wis. 532, 32 N.W.2d 351 (1948) (on appeal).

39. In re Klofanda's Will , 252 Wis. 541, 32 N.W.2d 220 (1948) (on appeal).

40. Carley v. Jewett , 253 Wis. 630, 34 N.W.2d 779 (1948) (on appeal).
374 Wis.2d 6
41. Halvorson v. Connors , 253 Wis. 629, 34 N.W.2d 778 (1948) (on appeal).

42. City of Lake Geneva v. Walworth Cty. , 258 Wis. 495, 46 N.W.2d 767 (1951) (on appeal).

43. Wis. Elec. Power Co. v. City of Milwaukee , 263 Wis. 111, 56 N.W.2d 784 (1953) (on appeal).

44. Mahringer v. Knoeller , 9 Wis.2d 7, 100 N.W.2d 371 (1960) (on appeal).

45. Barker v. Retail Credit Co. , 8 Wis.2d 664, 100 N.W.2d 391 (1960) (on appeal).

46. Village of Brown Deer v. City of Milwaukee , 16 Wis.2d 206, 114 N.W.2d 493 (1962) (on appeal).

47. State v. Roggensack , 20 Wis.2d 468, 122 N.W.2d 408 (1963) (on appeal).

48. Coffee-Rich, Inc. v. McDowell , 25 Wis.2d 99, 130 N.W.2d 203 (1964) (on appeal).

49. Graebner v. Wis. Indus. Comm'n , 27 Wis.2d 142, 133 N.W.2d 810 (1965) (on appeal).

50. Foregger v. Foregger , 28 Wis.2d 505, 137 N.W.2d 409 (1965) (on appeal).

51. Smith v. State , 41 Wis.2d 145, 163 N.W.2d 8 (1968) (on appeal).

52. State v. White , 59 Wis.2d 354, 208 N.W.2d 321 (1973) (on appeal).

53. State v. Kline , 73 Wis.2d 337, 243 N.W.2d 519 (1976) (on appeal).

54. Brown v. State , 73 Wis.2d 351, 243 N.W.2d 519 (1976) (on appeal).

55. Punches v. S chmid t , 73 Wis.2d 206, 243 N.W.2d 518 (1976) (on appeal).

56. State v. Bal e strieri , 96 Wis.2d 361, 291 N.W.2d 579 (1980) (on petition for review).

57. Herwig v. Enerson & Eggen , 101 Wis.2d 170, 303 N.W.2d 669 (1981) (on petition for review).
374 Wis.2d 7
58. Frito-Lay v. LIRC , 101 Wis.2d 169, 303 N.W.2d 668 (1981) (on petition for review).

59. State ex rel. Badger Produce Co., Inc. v. Equal Opportunities Comm'n , 1982 WL 11213 (unpublished per curiam).

60.
892 N.W.2d 737
Local 2 57 v. Wilson Street E. Dinner Playhouse, Inc. , 126 Wis.2d 284, 375 N.W.2d 664 (1985) (on certification).

61. In Interest of R.H. , 150 Wis.2d 432, 441 N.W.2d 233 (1989) (on petition for review).

62. Wis. Public Serv. Corp. v. Public Serv. Comm'n of
...

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5 practice notes
  • Melchert v. Pro Elec. Contractors, No. 2013AP2882
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wisconsin
    • April 7, 2017
    ...appropriate attention to its constitutional role by recognizing the legislature's ultimate authority to decide the scope of immunity 892 N.W.2d 734as a matter of policy. The legislature responded by enacting a statute that now allows immunity only "for acts done in the exercise of legislati......
  • Raab v. Wendel, Case No. 16-CV-1396
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 7th Circuit. United States District Court of Eastern District of Wisconsin
    • March 6, 2019
    ...to determine whether members of a limited liability company owe fiduciary obligations to each other. In Smith v. Kleynerman, 2017 WI 22, 374 Wis. 2d 1, 892 N.W.2d 734, the owner of a fifty percent interest in a limited liability company sued the company's other fifty percent owner, alleging......
  • In re Kleynerman, Case No. 18-26659-beh
    • United States
    • United States Bankruptcy Courts. Seventh Circuit. U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Eastern District of Wisconsin
    • May 25, 2020
    ...of fiduciary duty but was not successful. An equally divided state supreme court denied his petition for review. Smith v. Kleynerman , 374 Wis. 2d 1, 892 N.W.2d 734 (2017).2 These business loans include eight different debts owed to Glaser – one directly owed by Kleynerman, two owed by Tres......
  • Wingra Redi-Mix, Inc. v. Burial Sites Pres. Bd., No. 2014AP2498
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wisconsin
    • May 22, 2018
    ...justice is known to the public.¶ 9 For the foregoing reasons, I write separately.--------Notes:1 Smith v. Kleynerman, 2017 WI 22, 374 Wis.2d 1, 892 N.W.2d 734.2 Wingra Redi–Mix, Inc. v. Burial Sites Preservation Bd., No. 2014AP2498, unpublished slip op. (Wis. Ct. App. July 31, 2017).3 Smith......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
5 cases
  • Raab v. Wendel, Case No. 16-CV-1396
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 7th Circuit. United States District Court of Eastern District of Wisconsin
    • March 6, 2019
    ...to determine whether members of a limited liability company owe fiduciary obligations to each other. In Smith v. Kleynerman, 2017 WI 22, 374 Wis. 2d 1, 892 N.W.2d 734, the owner of a fifty percent interest in a limited liability company sued the company's other fifty percent owner, alleging......
  • Melchert v. Pro Elec. Contractors, No. 2013AP2882
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wisconsin
    • April 7, 2017
    ...appropriate attention to its constitutional role by recognizing the legislature's ultimate authority to decide the scope of immunity 892 N.W.2d 734as a matter of policy. The legislature responded by enacting a statute that now allows immunity only "for acts done in the exercise of legislati......
  • In re Kleynerman, Case No. 18-26659-beh
    • United States
    • United States Bankruptcy Courts. Seventh Circuit. U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Eastern District of Wisconsin
    • May 25, 2020
    ...of fiduciary duty but was not successful. An equally divided state supreme court denied his petition for review. Smith v. Kleynerman , 374 Wis. 2d 1, 892 N.W.2d 734 (2017).2 These business loans include eight different debts owed to Glaser – one directly owed by Kleynerman, two owed by Tres......
  • Wingra Redi-Mix, Inc. v. Burial Sites Pres. Bd., No. 2014AP2498
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wisconsin
    • May 22, 2018
    ...justice is known to the public.¶ 9 For the foregoing reasons, I write separately.--------Notes:1 Smith v. Kleynerman, 2017 WI 22, 374 Wis.2d 1, 892 N.W.2d 734.2 Wingra Redi–Mix, Inc. v. Burial Sites Preservation Bd., No. 2014AP2498, unpublished slip op. (Wis. Ct. App. July 31, 2017).3 Smith......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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